Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 2:24

Context
NET ©

God heard their groaning, 1  God remembered 2  his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob,

NIV ©

God heard their groaning and he remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac and with Jacob.

NASB ©

So God heard their groaning; and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

NLT ©

God heard their cries and remembered his covenant promise to Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

MSG ©

God listened to their groanings. God remembered his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.

BBE ©

And at the sound of their weeping the agreement which God had made with Abraham and Isaac and Jacob came to his mind.

NRSV ©

God heard their groaning, and God remembered his covenant with Abraham, Isaac, and Jacob.

NKJV ©

So God heard their groaning, and God remembered His covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob.


KJV
And God
<0430>
heard
<08085> (8799)
their groaning
<05009>_,
and God
<0430>
remembered
<02142> (8799)
his covenant
<01285>
with Abraham
<085>_,
with Isaac
<03327>_,
and with Jacob
<03290>_.
NASB ©
So God
<0430>
heard
<08085>
their groaning
<05009>
; and God
<0430>
remembered
<02142>
His covenant
<01285>
with Abraham
<085>
, Isaac
<03327>
, and Jacob
<03290>
.
HEBREW
bqey
<03290>
taw
<0854>
qxuy
<03327>
ta
<0854>
Mhrba
<085>
ta
<0854>
wtyrb
<01285>
ta
<0853>
Myhla
<0430>
rkzyw
<02142>
Mtqan
<05009>
ta
<0853>
Myhla
<0430>
emsyw (2:24)
<08085>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eishkousen
<1522
V-AAI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
ton
<3588
T-ASM
stenagmon
<4726
N-ASM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
emnhsyh
<3403
V-API-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
yeov
<2316
N-NSM
thv
<3588
T-GSF
diayhkhv
<1242
N-GSF
autou
<846
D-GSM
thv
<3588
T-GSF
prov
<4314
PREP
abraam
<11
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
isaak
<2464
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
iakwb
<2384
N-PRI
NET © [draft] ITL
God
<0430>
heard
<08085>
their groaning
<05009>
, God
<0430>
remembered
<02142>
his covenant
<01285>
with
<0854>
Abraham
<085>
, with
<0854>
Isaac
<03327>
, and with
<0854>
Jacob
<03290>
,
NET ©

God heard their groaning, 1  God remembered 2  his covenant with Abraham, with Isaac, and with Jacob,

NET © Notes

sn The word for this painfully intense “groaning” appears elsewhere to describe a response to having two broken arms (Ezek 30:24).

sn The two verbs “heard” and “remembered,” both preterites, say far more than they seem to say. The verb שָׁמַע (shama’, “to hear”) ordinarily includes responding to what is heard. It can even be found in idiomatic constructions meaning “to obey.” To say God heard their complaint means that God responded to it. Likewise, the verb זָכַר (zakhar, “to remember”) means to begin to act on the basis of what is remembered. A prayer to God that says, “Remember me,” is asking for more than mere recollection (see B. S. Childs, Memory and Tradition in Israel [SBT], 1-8). The structure of this section at the end of the chapter is powerful. There are four descriptions of the Israelites, with a fourfold reaction from God. On the Israelites’ side, they groaned (אָנַח [’anakh], נְאָקָה [nÿaqah]) and cried out (זָעַק [zaaq], שַׁוְעָה [shavah]) to God. On the divine side God heard (שָׁמָע, shama’) their groaning, remembered (זָכַר, zakhar) his covenant, looked (רָאָה, raah) at the Israelites, and took notice (יָדַע, yada’) of them. These verbs emphasize God’s sympathy and compassion for the people. God is near to those in need; in fact, the deliverer had already been chosen. It is important to note at this point the repetition of the word “God.” The text is waiting to introduce the name “Yahweh” in a special way. Meanwhile, the fourfold repetition of “God” in vv. 24-25 is unusual and draws attention to the statements about his attention to Israel’s plight.



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