Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 2:22

Context
NET ©

When she bore 1  a son, Moses 2  named him Gershom, for he said, “I have become a resident foreigner in a foreign land.” 3 

NIV ©

Zipporah gave birth to a son, and Moses named him Gershom, saying, "I have become an alien in a foreign land."

NASB ©

Then she gave birth to a son, and he named him Gershom, for he said, "I have been a sojourner in a foreign land."

NLT ©

Later they had a baby boy, and Moses named him Gershom, for he said, "I have been a stranger in a foreign land."

MSG ©

She had a son, and Moses named him Gershom (Sojourner), saying, "I'm a sojourner in a foreign country."

BBE ©

And she gave birth to a son, to whom he gave the name Gershom: for he said, I have been living in a strange land.

NRSV ©

She bore a son, and he named him Gershom; for he said, "I have been an alien residing in a foreign land."

NKJV ©

And she bore him a son, and he called his name Gershom; for he said, "I have been a stranger in a foreign land."


KJV
And she bare
<03205> (8799)
[him] a son
<01121>_,
and he called
<07121> (8799)
his name
<08034>
Gershom
<01647>_:
for he said
<0559> (8804)_,
I have been a stranger
<01616>
in a strange
<05237>
land
<0776>_.
{Gershom: that is, A stranger here}
NASB ©
Then she gave
<03205>
birth
<03205>
to a son
<01121>
, and he named
<07121>
<8034> him Gershom
<01647>
, for he said
<0559>
, "I have been
<01961>
a sojourner
<01616>
in a foreign
<05237>
land
<0776>
."
HEBREW
P
hyrkn
<05237>
Urab
<0776>
ytyyh
<01961>
rg
<01616>
rma
<0559>
yk
<03588>
Msrg
<01647>
wms
<08034>
ta
<0853>
arqyw
<07121>
Nb
<01121>
dltw (2:22)
<03205>
LXXM
en
<1722
PREP
gastri
<1064
N-DSF
de
<1161
PRT
labousa
<2983
V-AAPNS
h
<3588
T-NSF
gunh
<1135
N-NSF
eteken
<5088
V-AAI-3S
uion
<5207
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
epwnomasen {V-AAI-3S} mwushv {N-NSM} to
<3588
T-ASN
onoma
<3686
N-ASN
autou
<846
D-GSM
ghrsam {N-PRI} legwn
<3004
V-PAPNS
oti
<3754
CONJ
paroikov
<3941
A-NSM
eimi
<1510
V-PAI-1S
en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
allotria
<245
A-DSF
NET © [draft] ITL
When she bore
<03205>
a son
<01121>
, Moses named
<08034>
him Gershom
<01647>
, for
<03588>
he said
<0559>
, “I have become
<01961>
a resident foreigner
<01616>
in a foreign
<05237>
land
<0776>
.”
NET ©

When she bore 1  a son, Moses 2  named him Gershom, for he said, “I have become a resident foreigner in a foreign land.” 3 

NET © Notes

tn The preterite with the vav (ו) consecutive is subordinated to the next clause, which reports the naming and its motivation.

tn Heb “and he called”; the referent (Moses) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

sn Like the naming of Moses, this naming that incorporates a phonetic wordplay forms the commemorative summary of the account just provided. Moses seems to have settled into a domestic life with his new wife and his father-in-law. But when the first son is born, he named him גֵּרְשֹׁם (gerÿshom). There is little information available about what the name by itself might have meant. If it is linked to the verb “drive away” used earlier (גָרַשׁ, garash), then the final mem (מ) would have to be explained as an enclitic mem. It seems most likely that that verb was used in the narrative to make a secondary wordplay on the name. The primary explanation is the popular etymology supplied by Moses himself. He links the name to the verb גּוּר (gur, “to sojourn, to live as an alien”). He then adds that he was a sojourner (גֵּר, ger, the participle) in a foreign land. The word “foreign” (נָכְרִיּה, nokhriyyah) adds to the idea of his being a resident alien. The final syllable in the name would then be connected to the adverb “there” (שָׁם, sham). Thus, the name is given the significance in the story of “sojourner there” or “alien there.” He no doubt knew that this was not the actual meaning of the name; the name itself had already been introduced into the family of Levi (1 Chr 6:1, 16). He chose the name because its sounds reflected his sentiment at that time. But to what was Moses referring? In view of naming customs among the Semites, he was most likely referring to Midian as the foreign land. If Egypt had been the strange land, and he had now found his place, he would not have given the lad such a name. Personal names reflect the present or recent experiences, or the hope for the future. So this naming is a clear expression by Moses that he knows he is not where he is supposed to be. That this is what he meant is supported in the NT by Stephen (Acts 7:29). So the choice of the name, the explanation of it, and the wordplay before it, all serve to stress the point that Moses had been driven away from his proper place of service.



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