Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 17:2

Context
NET ©

So the people contended 1  with Moses, and they said, “Give us water to drink!” 2  Moses said to them, “Why do you contend 3  with me? Why do you test 4  the Lord?”

NIV ©

So they quarrelled with Moses and said, "Give us water to drink." Moses replied, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you put the LORD to the test?"

NASB ©

Therefore the people quarreled with Moses and said, "Give us water that we may drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the LORD?"

NLT ©

So once more the people grumbled and complained to Moses. "Give us water to drink!" they demanded. "Quiet!" Moses replied. "Why are you arguing with me? And why are you testing the LORD?"

MSG ©

The people took Moses to task: "Give us water to drink." But Moses said, "Why pester me? Why are you testing GOD?"

BBE ©

So the people were angry with Moses, and said, Give us water for drinking. And Moses said, Why are you angry with me? and why do you put God to the test?

NRSV ©

The people quarreled with Moses, and said, "Give us water to drink." Moses said to them, "Why do you quarrel with me? Why do you test the LORD?"

NKJV ©

Therefore the people contended with Moses, and said, "Give us water, that we may drink." And Moses said to them, "Why do you contend with me? Why do you tempt the LORD?"


KJV
Wherefore the people
<05971>
did chide
<07378> (8799)
with Moses
<04872>_,
and said
<0559> (8799)_,
Give
<05414> (8798)
us water
<04325>
that we may drink
<08354> (8799)_.
And Moses
<04872>
said
<0559> (8799)
unto them, Why chide
<07378> (8799)
ye with me? wherefore do ye tempt
<05254> (8762)
the LORD
<03068>_?
NASB ©
Therefore the people
<05971>
quarreled
<07378>
with Moses
<04872>
and said
<0559>
, "Give
<05414>
us water
<04325>
that we may drink
<08354>
." And Moses
<04872>
said
<0559>
to them, "Why
<04100>
do you quarrel
<07378>
with me? Why
<04100>
do you test
<05254>
the LORD
<03068>
?"
HEBREW
hwhy
<03068>
ta
<0853>
Nwont
<05254>
hm
<04100>
ydme
<05978>
Nwbyrt
<07378>
hm
<04100>
hsm
<04872>
Mhl
<0>
rmayw
<0559>
htsnw
<08354>
Mym
<04325>
wnl
<0>
wnt
<05414>
wrmayw
<0559>
hsm
<04872>
Me
<05973>
Meh
<05971>
bryw (17:2)
<07378>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eloidoreito
<3058
V-IMI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
laov
<2992
N-NSM
prov
<4314
PREP
mwushn {N-ASM} legontev
<3004
V-PAPNP
dov
<1325
V-AAD-2S
hmin
<1473
P-DP
udwr
<5204
N-ASN
ina
<2443
CONJ
piwmen
<4095
V-AAS-1P
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} autoiv
<846
D-DPM
mwushv {N-NSM} ti
<5100
I-ASN
loidoreisye
<3058
V-PMI-2P
moi
<1473
P-DS
kai
<2532
CONJ
ti
<5100
I-ASN
peirazete
<3985
V-PAI-2P
kurion
<2962
N-ASM
NET © [draft] ITL
So the people
<05971>
contended
<07378>
with
<05973>
Moses
<04872>
, and they said
<0559>
, “Give
<05414>
us water
<04325>
to drink
<08354>
!” Moses
<04872>
said
<0559>
to them, “Why
<04100>
do you contend
<07378>
with me
<05978>
? Why
<04100>
do you test
<05254>
the Lord
<03068>
?”
NET ©

So the people contended 1  with Moses, and they said, “Give us water to drink!” 2  Moses said to them, “Why do you contend 3  with me? Why do you test 4  the Lord?”

NET © Notes

tn The verb וַיָּרֶב (vayyarev) is from the root רִיב (riv); it forms the basis of the name “Meribah.” The word means “strive, quarrel, be in contention” and even “litigation.” A translation “quarrel” does not appear to capture the magnitude of what is being done here. The people have a legal dispute – they are contending with Moses as if bringing a lawsuit.

tn The imperfect tense with the vav (ו) follows the imperative, and so it carries the nuance of the logical sequence, showing purpose or result. This may be expressed in English as “give us water so that we may drink,” but more simply with the English infinitive, “give us water to drink.”

sn One wonders if the people thought that Moses and Aaron had water and were withholding it from the people, or whether Moses was able to get it on demand. The people should have come to Moses to ask him to pray to God for water, but their action led Moses to say that they had challenged God (B. Jacob, Exodus, 476).

tn In this case and in the next clause the imperfect tenses are to be taken as progressive imperfects – the action is in progress.

tn The verb נָסָה (nasah) means “to test, tempt, try, prove.” It can be used of people simply trying to do something that they are not sure of (such as David trying on Saul’s armor), or of God testing people to see if they will obey (as in testing Abraham, Gen 22:1), or of people challenging others (as in the Queen of Sheba coming to test Solomon), and of the people in the desert in rebellion putting God to the test. By doubting that God was truly in their midst, and demanding that he demonstrate his presence, they tested him to see if he would act. There are times when “proving” God is correct and required, but that is done by faith (as with Gideon); when it is done out of unbelief, then it is an act of disloyalty.



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