Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 12:40

Context
NET ©

Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 1 

NIV ©

Now the length of time the Israelite people lived in Egypt was 430 years.

NASB ©

Now the time that the sons of Israel lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.

NLT ©

The people of Israel had lived in Egypt for 430 years.

MSG ©

The Israelites had lived in Egypt 430 years.

BBE ©

Now the children of Israel had been living in Egypt for four hundred and thirty years.

NRSV ©

The time that the Israelites had lived in Egypt was four hundred thirty years.

NKJV ©

Now the sojourn of the children of Israel who lived in Egypt was four hundred and thirty years.


KJV
Now the sojourning
<04186>
of the children
<01121>
of Israel
<03478>_,
who dwelt
<03427> (8804)
in Egypt
<04714>_,
[was] four
<0702>
hundred
<03967> <08141>
and thirty
<07970>
years
<08141>_.
NASB ©
Now the time
<04186>
that the sons
<01121>
of Israel
<03478>
lived
<03427>
in Egypt
<04714>
was four
<0702>
hundred
<03967>
and thirty
<07970>
years
<08141>
.
HEBREW
hns
<08141>
twam
<03967>
ebraw
<0702>
hns
<08141>
Mysls
<07970>
Myrumb
<04714>
wbsy
<03427>
rsa
<0834>
larvy
<03478>
ynb
<01121>
bswmw (12:40)
<04186>
LXXM
h
<3588
T-NSF
de
<1161
PRT
katoikhsiv
<2731
N-NSF
twn
<3588
T-GPM
uiwn
<5207
N-GPM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
hn
<3739
R-ASF
katwkhsan {V-AAI-3P} en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
aiguptw
<125
N-DSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
canaan
<5477
N-PRI
eth
<2094
N-APN
tetrakosia
<5071
A-APN
triakonta
<5144
N-NUI
NET © [draft] ITL
Now the length
<04186>
of time the Israelites
<03478>
lived
<03427>
in Egypt
<04714>
was 430
<03967>

<0702>
years
<08141>
.
NET ©

Now the length of time the Israelites lived in Egypt was 430 years. 1 

NET © Notes

sn Here as well some scholars work with the number 430 to try to reduce the stay in Egypt for the bondage. Some argue that if the number included the time in Canaan, that would reduce the bondage by half. S. R. Driver (Exodus, 102) notes that P thought Moses was the fourth generation from Jacob (6:16-27), if those genealogies are not selective. Exodus 6 has Levi – Kohath – Amram – Moses. This would require a period of about 100 years, and that is unusual. There is evidence, however, that the list is selective. In 1 Chr 2:3-20 the text has Bezalel (see Exod 31:2-5) a contemporary of Moses and yet the seventh from Judah. Elishama, a leader of the Ephraimites (Num 10:22), was in the ninth generation from Jacob (1 Chr 7:22-26). Joshua, Moses’ assistant, was the eleventh from Jacob (1 Chr 7:27). So the “four generations” leading up to Moses are not necessarily complete. With regard to Exod 6, K. A. Kitchen has argued that the four names do not indicate successive generations, but tribe (Levi), clan (Kohath), family (Amram), and individual (Moses; K. A. Kitchen, Ancient Orient and Old Testament, 54-55). For a detailed discussion of the length of the sojourn, see E. H. Merrill, A Kingdom of Priests, 75-79.



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