Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 10:2

Context
NET ©

and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 1  how I made fools 2  of the Egyptians 3  and about 4  my signs that I displayed 5  among them, so that you may know 6  that I am the Lord.”

NIV ©

that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I dealt harshly with the Egyptians and how I performed my signs among them, and that you may know that I am the LORD."

NASB ©

and that you may tell in the hearing of your son, and of your grandson, how I made a mockery of the Egyptians and how I performed My signs among them, that you may know that I am the LORD."

NLT ©

You will be able to tell wonderful stories to your children and grandchildren about the marvelous things I am doing among the Egyptians to prove that I am the LORD."

MSG ©

and so you'll be able to tell your children and grandchildren how I toyed with the Egyptians, like a cat with a mouse; you'll tell them the stories of the signs that I brought down on them, so that you'll all know that I am GOD."

BBE ©

And so that you may be able to give to your son and to your son’s son the story of my wonders in Egypt, and the signs which I have done among them; so that you may see that I am the Lord.

NRSV ©

and that you may tell your children and grandchildren how I have made fools of the Egyptians and what signs I have done among them—so that you may know that I am the LORD."

NKJV ©

"and that you may tell in the hearing of your son and your son’s son the mighty things I have done in Egypt, and My signs which I have done among them, that you may know that I am the LORD."


KJV
And that thou mayest tell
<05608> (8762)
in the ears
<0241>
of thy son
<01121>_,
and of thy son's
<01121>
son
<01121>_,
what things I have wrought
<05953> (8694)
in Egypt
<04714>_,
and my signs
<0226>
which I have done
<07760> (8804)
among them; that ye may know
<03045> (8804)
how that I [am] the LORD
<03068>_.
NASB ©
and that you may tell
<05608>
in the hearing
<0241>
of your son
<01121>
, and of your grandson
<01121>
, how
<0854>
<834> I made
<05953>
a mockery
<05953>
of the Egyptians
<04714>
and how
<0834>
I performed
<07760>
My signs
<0226>
among them, that you may know
<03045>
that I am the LORD
<03068>
."
HEBREW
hwhy
<03068>
yna
<0589>
yk
<03588>
Mtedyw
<03045>
Mb
<0>
ytmv
<07760>
rsa
<0834>
ytta
<0226>
taw
<0853>
Myrumb
<04714>
ytlleth
<05953>
rsa
<0834>
ta
<0853>
Knb
<01121>
Nbw
<01121>
Knb
<01121>
ynzab
<0241>
rpot
<05608>
Nemlw (10:2)
<04616>
LXXM
opwv
<3704
CONJ
dihghshsye
<1334
V-AMS-2P
eiv
<1519
PREP
ta
<3588
T-APN
wta
<3775
N-APN
twn
<3588
T-GPN
teknwn
<5043
N-GPN
umwn
<4771
P-GP
kai
<2532
CONJ
toiv
<3588
T-DPN
teknoiv
<5043
N-DPN
twn
<3588
T-GPN
teknwn
<5043
N-GPN
umwn
<4771
P-GP
osa
<3745
A-APN
empepaica
<1702
V-RAI-1S
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
aiguptioiv
<124
N-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ta
<3588
T-APN
shmeia
<4592
N-APN
mou
<1473
P-GS
a
<3739
R-APN
epoihsa
<4160
V-AAI-1S
en
<1722
PREP
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
gnwsesye
<1097
V-FMI-2P
oti
<3754
CONJ
egw
<1473
P-NS
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
NET © [draft] ITL
and in order
<04616>
that in the hearing
<0241>
of
<01121>
your son
<01121>
and your grandson
<01121>
you may tell how
<05608>
I made fools
<05953>
of the Egyptians
<04714>
and about
<05608>
my signs
<0226>
that
<0834>
I displayed
<07760>
among them, so that you may know
<03045>
that
<03588>
I am
<0589>
the Lord
<03068>
.”
NET ©

and in order that in the hearing of your son and your grandson you may tell 1  how I made fools 2  of the Egyptians 3  and about 4  my signs that I displayed 5  among them, so that you may know 6  that I am the Lord.”

NET © Notes

tn The expression is unusual: תְּסַפֵּר בְּאָזְנֵי (tÿsapper bÿozne, “[that] you may declare in the ears of”). The clause explains an additional reason for God’s hardening the heart of Pharaoh, namely, so that the Israelites can tell their children of God’s great wonders. The expression is highly poetic and intense – like Ps 44:1, which says, “we have heard with our ears.” The emphasis would be on the clear teaching, orally, from one generation to another.

tn The verb הִתְעַלַּלְתִּי (hitallalti) is a bold anthropomorphism. The word means to occupy oneself at another’s expense, to toy with someone, which may be paraphrased with “mock.” The whole point is that God is shaming and disgracing Egypt, making them look foolish in their arrogance and stubbornness (W. C. Kaiser, Jr., “Exodus,” EBC 2:366-67). Some prefer to translate it as “I have dealt ruthlessly” with Egypt (see U. Cassuto, Exodus, 123).

tn Heb “of Egypt.” The place is put by metonymy for the inhabitants.

tn The word “about” is supplied to clarify this as another object of the verb “declare.”

tn Heb “put” or “placed.”

tn The form is the perfect tense with vav consecutive, וִידַעְתֶּם (vidatem, “and that you might know”). This provides another purpose for God’s dealings with Egypt in the way that he was doing. The form is equal to the imperfect tense with vav (ו) prefixed; it thus parallels the imperfect that began v. 2 – “that you might tell.”



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