Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Exodus 1:10

Context
NET ©

Come, let’s deal wisely 1  with them. Otherwise 2  they will continue to multiply, 3  and if 4  a war breaks out, they will ally themselves with 5  our enemies and fight against us and leave 6  the country.”

NIV ©

Come, we must deal shrewdly with them or they will become even more numerous and, if war breaks out, will join our enemies, fight against us and leave the country."

NASB ©

"Come, let us deal wisely with them, or else they will multiply and in the event of war, they will also join themselves to those who hate us, and fight against us and depart from the land."

NLT ©

We must find a way to put an end to this. If we don’t and if war breaks out, they will join our enemies and fight against us. Then they will escape from the country."

MSG ©

We've got to do something: Let's devise a plan to contain them, lest if there's a war they should join our enemies, or just walk off and leave us."

BBE ©

Let us take care for fear that their numbers may become even greater, and if there is a war, they may be joined with those who are against us, and make an attack on us, and go up out of the land.

NRSV ©

Come, let us deal shrewdly with them, or they will increase and, in the event of war, join our enemies and fight against us and escape from the land."

NKJV ©

"come, let us deal shrewdly with them, lest they multiply, and it happen, in the event of war, that they also join our enemies and fight against us, and so go up out of the land."


KJV
Come on
<03051> (8798)_,
let us deal wisely
<02449> (8691)
with them; lest they multiply
<07235> (8799)_,
and it come to pass, that, when there falleth out
<07122> (8799)
any war
<04421>_,
they
<01931>
join
<03254> (8738)
also unto our enemies
<08130> (8802)_,
and fight
<03898> (8738)
against us, and [so] get them up
<05927> (8804)
out of the land
<0776>_.
NASB ©
"Come
<03051>
, let us deal
<02449>
wisely
<02449>
with them, or
<06435>
else
<06435>
they will multiply
<07235>
and in the event
<01961>
of war
<04421>
, they will also
<01571>
join
<03254>
themselves to those who
<0834>
hate
<08130>
us, and fight
<03898>
against us and depart
<05927>
from the land
<0776>
."
HEBREW
Urah
<0776>
Nm
<04480>
hlew
<05927>
wnb
<0>
Mxlnw
<03898>
wnyanv
<08130>
le
<05921>
awh
<01931>
Mg
<01571>
Pownw
<03254>
hmxlm
<04421>
hnarqt
<07122>
yk
<03588>
hyhw
<01961>
hbry
<07235>
Np
<06435>
wl
<0>
hmkxtn
<02449>
hbh (1:10)
<03051>
LXXM
deute
<1205
ADV
oun
<3767
PRT
katasofiswmeya {V-AAS-1P} autouv
<846
D-APM
mhpote
<3379
ADV
plhyunyh
<4129
V-APS-3S
kai
<2532
CONJ
hnika
<2259
ADV
an
<302
PRT
sumbh
<4819
V-AAS-3S
hmin
<1473
P-DP
polemov
<4171
N-NSM
prosteyhsontai
<4369
V-FPI-3P
kai
<2532
CONJ
outoi
<3778
D-NPM
prov
<4314
PREP
touv
<3588
T-APM
upenantiouv {A-APM} kai
<2532
CONJ
ekpolemhsantev {V-AAPNP} hmav
<1473
P-AP
exeleusontai
<1831
V-FMI-3P
ek
<1537
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
ghv
<1065
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Come, let’s
<03051>
deal wisely
<02449>
with them. Otherwise
<06435>
they will continue to multiply
<07235>
, and if
<03588>
a war
<04421>
breaks
<07122>
out, they will ally
<01571>
themselves with our enemies
<08130>
and fight
<03898>
against us
<05927>
and leave
<04480>
the country
<0776>
.”
NET ©

Come, let’s deal wisely 1  with them. Otherwise 2  they will continue to multiply, 3  and if 4  a war breaks out, they will ally themselves with 5  our enemies and fight against us and leave 6  the country.”

NET © Notes

tn The verb is the Hitpael cohortative of חָכַם (khakam, “to be wise”). This verb has the idea of acting shrewdly, dealing wisely. The basic idea in the word group is that of skill. So a skillful decision is required to prevent the Israelites from multiplying any more.

sn Pharaoh’s speech invites evaluation. How wise did his plans prove to be?

tn The word פֶּן (pen) expresses fear or precaution and can also be translated “lest” or “else” (R. J. Williams, Hebrew Syntax, 75-76, §461).

tn The verb can be translated simply “will multiply,” but since Pharaoh has already indicated that he is aware they were doing that, the nuance here must mean to multiply all the more, or to continue to multiply. Cf. NIV “will become even more numerous.”

tn The words וְהָיָה כִּי (vÿhayah ki) introduce a conditional clause – “if” (see GKC 335 §112.y).

tn Heb “and [lest] he [Israel] also be joined to.”

tn Heb “and go up from.” All the verbs coming after the particle פֶּן (pen, “otherwise, lest” in v. 10) have the same force and are therefore parallel. These are the fears of the Egyptians. This explains why a shrewd policy of population control was required. They wanted to keep Israel enslaved; they did not want them to become too numerous and escape.



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