Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Esther 1:2

Context
NETBible

In those days, as King Ahasuerus sat on his royal throne in Susa 1  the citadel, 2 

XREF

2Sa 7:1; 1Ki 1:46; Ne 1:1; Es 2:3; Es 3:15; Es 4:16; Es 9:12-15; Da 4:4; Da 8:2

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Shushan” (so KJV, ASV). Most recent English versions render this as “Susa.”

sn The city of Susa served as one of several capitals of Persia during this time; the other locations were Ecbatana, Babylon, and Persepolis. Partly due to the extreme heat of its summers, Susa was a place where Persian kings stayed mainly in the winter months. Strabo indicates that reptiles attempting to cross roads at midday died from the extreme heat (Geography 15.3.10-11).

tn The Hebrew word בִּירָה (birah) can refer to a castle or palace or temple. Here it seems to have in mind that fortified part of the city that might be called an acropolis or citadel. Cf. KJV “palace”; NAB “stronghold”; NASB “capital”; NLT “fortress.”



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