Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 8:11

Context
NET ©

When 1  a sentence 2  is not executed 3  at once against a crime, 4  the human heart 5  is encouraged to do evil. 6 

NIV ©

When the sentence for a crime is not quickly carried out, the hearts of the people are filled with schemes to do wrong.

NASB ©

Because the sentence against an evil deed is not executed quickly, therefore the hearts of the sons of men among them are given fully to do evil.

NLT ©

When a crime is not punished, people feel it is safe to do wrong.

MSG ©

Because the sentence against evil deeds is so long in coming, people in general think they can get by with murder.

BBE ©

Because punishment for an evil work comes not quickly, the minds of the sons of men are fully given to doing evil.

NRSV ©

Because sentence against an evil deed is not executed speedily, the human heart is fully set to do evil.

NKJV ©

Because the sentence against an evil work is not executed speedily, therefore the heart of the sons of men is fully set in them to do evil.


KJV
Because sentence
<06599>
against an evil
<07451>
work
<04639>
is not executed
<06213> (8738)
speedily
<04120>_,
therefore the heart
<03820>
of the sons
<01121>
of men
<0120>
is fully set
<04390> (8804)
in them to do
<06213> (8800)
evil
<07451>_.
NASB ©
Because
<0834>
the sentence
<06599>
against an evil
<07451>
deed
<04639>
is not executed
<06213>
quickly
<04120>
, therefore
<05921>
<3651> the hearts
<03820>
of the sons
<01121>
of men
<0120>
among them are given
<04390>
fully
<04390>
to do
<06213>
evil
<07451>
.
HEBREW
er
<07451>
twvel
<06213>
Mhb
<0>
Mdah
<0120>
ynb
<01121>
bl
<03820>
alm
<04390>
Nk
<03651>
le
<05921>
hrhm
<04120>
herh
<07451>
hvem
<04639>
Mgtp
<06599>
hven
<06213>
Nya
<0369>
rsa (8:11)
<0834>
LXXM
oti
<3754
CONJ
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
ginomenh
<1096
V-PMPNS
antirrhsiv {N-NSF} apo
<575
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPM
poiountwn
<4160
V-PAPGP
to
<3588
T-ASN
ponhron
<4190
A-ASN
tacu
<5036
A-ASN
dia
<1223
PREP
touto
<3778
D-ASN
eplhroforhyh
<4135
V-API-3S
kardia
<2588
N-NSF
uiwn
<5207
N-GPM
tou
<3588
T-GSM
anyrwpou
<444
N-GSM
en
<1722
PREP
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
tou
<3588
T-GSN
poihsai
<4160
V-AAN
to
<3588
T-ASN
ponhron
<4190
A-ASN
NET © [draft] ITL
When a sentence
<06599>
is not
<0369>
executed at once against a crime
<07451>
, the human
<0120>
heart
<03820>
is encouraged to do
<06213>
evil
<07451>
.
NET ©

When 1  a sentence 2  is not executed 3  at once against a crime, 4  the human heart 5  is encouraged to do evil. 6 

NET © Notes

tn The particle אֲשֶׁר (’asher) is used as a conjunction in a conditional/temporal clause to introduce the protasis (“when” or “if”), and עַל־כֵּן (’al-ken) introduces the apodosis (“then”); cf. BDB 83 s.v. אֲשֶׁר 8.d.

tn The noun פִתְגָם (fitgam, “decision; announcement; edict; decree”) is a loanword from Persian patigama (HALOT 984 s.v. פִּתְגָם; BDB 834 s.v. פִּתְגָם). The Hebrew noun occurs twice in the OT (Eccl 8:11; Esth 1:20), twice in the Apocrypha (Sir 5:11; 8:9), and five times in Qumran (11QtgJob 9:2; 29:4; 30:1; 34:3; 1QapGen 22:27). The English versions consistently nuance this as a judicial sentence against a crime: “sentence” (KJV, NEB, NAB, ASV, NASB, RSV, NRSV, MLB, YLT), “sentence for a crime” (NIV), “sentence imposed” (NJPS), “sentence on a crime” (Moffatt).

tn Heb “is not done.” The verb עָשַׂה (’asah, “to do”) refers to a judicial sentence being carried out (HALOT 892 s.v. 2). The Niphal can denote “be executed; be carried out” of a sentence (Eccl 8:11) or royal decree (Esth 9:1; BDB 795 s.v. 1.a). Similarly, the Qal can denote “to execute” vengeance (Judg 11:36) or judgment (1 Sam 28:18; Isa 48:14; Ezek 25:11; 28:26; Ps 149:7, 9; BDB 794 s.v.).

tn Heb “the evil.”

tn Heb “the heart of the sons of man.” The singular noun לֵב (lev, “heart”) is used collectively. The term לֵב is often used figuratively (metonymy) in reference to inclinations and determinations of the will (BDB 525 s.v. 4), moral character (BDB 525 s.v. 6), and as a synecdoche for the man himself (BDB 525 s.v. 7).

tn Heb “is full to do evil.” The verb מָלֵא (male’, “to fill”) is used figuratively (metonymy): the lack of swift judicial punishment only emboldens the wicked to commit more crimes without fear of retribution. Most English versions translate the term literally: “are filled” (NIV, MLB, YLT), “is fully set” (KJV, ASV, RSV, NRSV). However, several versions nuance it figuratively: “emboldened” (ASV, NJPS) and “boldly” (NEB). Moffatt renders the line, “Because sentence on a crime is not executed at once, the mind of man is prone to evil practices.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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