Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 7:25

Context
NET ©

I tried 1  to understand, examine, and comprehend 2  the role of 3  wisdom in the scheme of things, 4  and to understand the stupidity of wickedness 5  and the insanity of folly. 6 

NIV ©

So I turned my mind to understand, to investigate and to search out wisdom and the scheme of things and to understand the stupidity of wickedness and the madness of folly.

NASB ©

I directed my mind to know, to investigate and to seek wisdom and an explanation, and to know the evil of folly and the foolishness of madness.

NLT ©

I searched everywhere, determined to find wisdom and to understand the reason for things. I was determined to prove to myself that wickedness is stupid and that foolishness is madness.

MSG ©

I concentrated with all my might, studying and exploring and seeking wisdom--the meaning of life. I also wanted to identify evil and stupidity, foolishness and craziness.

BBE ©

I gave my mind to knowledge and to searching for wisdom and the reason of things, and to the discovery that sin is foolish, and that to be foolish is to be without one’s senses.

NRSV ©

I turned my mind to know and to search out and to seek wisdom and the sum of things, and to know that wickedness is folly and that foolishness is madness.

NKJV ©

I applied my heart to know, To search and seek out wisdom and the reason of things , To know the wickedness of folly, Even of foolishness and madness.


KJV
I applied
<05437> (8804)
mine heart
<03820>
to know
<03045> (8800)_,
and to search
<08446> (8800)_,
and to seek out
<01245> (8763)
wisdom
<02451>_,
and the reason
<02808>
[of things], and to know
<03045> (8800)
the wickedness
<07562>
of folly
<03689>_,
even of foolishness
<05531>
[and] madness
<01947>_:
{I applied...: Heb. I and mine heart compassed}
NASB ©
I directed
<05437>
my mind
<03820>
to know
<03045>
, to investigate
<08446>
and to seek
<01245>
wisdom
<02451>
and an explanation
<02808>
, and to know
<03045>
the evil
<07562>
of folly
<03689>
and the foolishness
<03689>
of madness
<01947>
.
HEBREW
twllwh
<01947>
twlkohw
<05531>
lok
<03689>
esr
<07562>
tedlw
<01847>
Nwbsxw
<02808>
hmkx
<02451>
sqbw
<01245>
rwtlw
<08446>
tedl
<03045>
yblw
<03820>
yna
<0589>
ytwbo (7:25)
<05437>
LXXM
ekuklwsa
<2944
V-AAI-1S
egw
<1473
P-NS
kai
<2532
CONJ
h
<3588
T-NSF
kardia
<2588
N-NSF
mou
<1473
P-GS
tou
<3588
T-GSN
gnwnai
<1097
V-AAN
kai
<2532
CONJ
tou
<3588
T-GSN
kataskeqasyai {V-AMN} kai
<2532
CONJ
zhthsai
<2212
V-AAN
sofian
<4678
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
qhfon
<5586
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
tou
<3588
T-GSN
gnwnai
<1097
V-AAN
asebouv
<765
A-GSM
afrosunhn
<877
N-ASF
kai
<2532
CONJ
sklhrian {N-ASF} kai
<2532
CONJ
periforan {N-ASF}
NET © [draft] ITL
I
<0589>
tried
<05437>
to understand
<03045>
, examine
<08446>
, and comprehend
<01245>
the role of wisdom
<02451>
in the scheme of things
<02808>
, and to understand
<01847>
the stupidity
<03689>
of wickedness
<07562>
and the insanity
<01947>
of folly
<05531>
.
NET ©

I tried 1  to understand, examine, and comprehend 2  the role of 3  wisdom in the scheme of things, 4  and to understand the stupidity of wickedness 5  and the insanity of folly. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “I turned, I, even my heart.”

tn Heb “to seek.”

tn The phrase “the role of” does not appear in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity and smoothness.

tn The phrase חָכְמָה וְחֶשְׁבּוֹן (khokhmah vÿkheshbon, “wisdom and the scheme of things”) is a hendiadys (a figure of speech in which two nouns connote one idea): “wisdom in the scheme of things.” This is similar to the hendiadys עִצְּבוֹנֵךְ וְהֵרֹנֵךְ (’itsÿvonekh vÿheronekh, “pain and childbearing”) which connotes “pain in childbearing” (Gen 3:16).

tn Or “the evil of folly” The genitive construct phrase רֶשַׁע כֶּסֶל (reshakesel) may be taken as a genitive of attribution (“the wickedness of folly”) or as a genitive of attribute (“the folly of wickedness”). The English versions treat it in various ways: “wickedness of folly” (KJV); “wrong of folly” (YLT); “evil of folly” (NASB); “stupidity of wickedness” (NIV); “wickedness, stupidity” (NJPS); “wickedness is folly [or foolish]” (ASV, NAB, NRSV, MLB, Moffatt), and “it is folly to be wicked” (NEB).

tn Or “the folly of madness” The genitive construct phrase וְהַסִּכְלוּת הוֹלֵלוֹת (vÿhassikhlut holelot) may be taken as a genitive of attribution (“the stupidity of wickedness”) or a genitive of attribute (“the evil of folly”). The phrase is rendered variously: “foolishness and madness” (KJV); “foolishness of madness” (NASB); “madness of folly” (NIV); “madness and folly” (NJPS); “the foolishness which is madness” (NEB); and “foolishness [or folly] is madness” (ASV, NAB, NRSV, MLB, Moffatt).



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