Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 5:8

Context
NET ©

If you see the extortion 1  of the poor, or the perversion 2  of justice and fairness in the government, 3  do not be astonished by the matter. For the high official is watched by a higher official, 4  and there are higher ones over them! 5 

NIV ©

If you see the poor oppressed in a district, and justice and rights denied, do not be surprised at such things; for one official is eyed by a higher one, and over them both are others higher still.

NASB ©

If you see oppression of the poor and denial of justice and righteousness in the province, do not be shocked at the sight; for one official watches over another official, and there are higher officials over them.

NLT ©

If you see a poor person being oppressed by the powerful and justice being miscarried throughout the land, don’t be surprised! For every official is under orders from higher up, and matters of justice only get lost in red tape and bureaucracy.

MSG ©

Don't be too upset when you see the poor kicked around, and justice and right violated all over the place. Exploitation filters down from one petty official to another. There's no end to it, and nothing can be done about it.

BBE ©

If you see the poor under a cruel yoke, and law and right being violently overturned in a country, be not surprised, because one authority is keeping watch on another and there are higher than they.

NRSV ©

If you see in a province the oppression of the poor and the violation of justice and right, do not be amazed at the matter; for the high official is watched by a higher, and there are yet higher ones over them.

NKJV ©

If you see the oppression of the poor, and the violent perversion of justice and righteousness in a province, do not marvel at the matter; for high official watches over high official, and higher officials are over them.


KJV
If thou seest
<07200> (8799)
the oppression
<06233>
of the poor
<07326> (8802)_,
and violent
<01499>
perverting of judgment
<04941>
and justice
<06664>
in a province
<04082>_,
marvel
<08539> (8799)
not at the matter
<02656>_:
for [he that is] higher
<01364>
than the highest
<01364>
regardeth
<08104> (8802)_;
and [there be] higher
<01364>
than they
<05921>_.
{at the... Heb. at the will, or, purpose}
NASB ©
If
<0518>
you see
<07200>
oppression
<06233>
of the poor
<07326>
and denial
<01498>
of justice
<04941>
and righteousness
<06664>
in the province
<04082>
, do not be shocked
<08539>
at the sight
<02656>
; for one official
<01364>
watches
<08104>
over
<04480>
<5921> another official
<01364>
, and there are higher
<01364>
officials
<01364>
over
<05921>
them.
HEBREW
Mhyle
<05921>
Myhbgw
<01364>
rms
<08104>
hbg
<01364>
lem
<05921>
hbg
<01364>
yk
<03588>
Upxh
<02656>
le
<05921>
hmtt
<08539>
la
<0408>
hnydmb
<04082>
hart
<07200>
qduw
<06664>
jpsm
<04941>
lzgw
<01499>
sr
<07326>
qse
<06233>
Ma
<0518>
(5:8)
<5:7>
LXXM
(5:7) ean
<1437
CONJ
sukofantian {N-ASF} penhtov
<3993
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
arpaghn
<724
N-ASF
krimatov
<2917
N-GSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
dikaiosunhv
<1343
N-GSF
idhv
<3708
V-AAS-2S
en
<1722
PREP
cwra
<5561
N-DSF
mh
<3165
ADV
yaumashv
<2296
V-AAS-2S
epi
<1909
PREP
tw
<3588
T-DSN
pragmati
<4229
N-DSN
oti
<3754
CONJ
uqhlov
<5308
A-NSM
epanw
<1883
ADV
uqhlou
<5308
A-GSM
fulaxai
<5442
V-AAN
kai
<2532
CONJ
uqhloi
<5308
A-NPM
ep
<1909
PREP
autouv
<846
D-APM
NET © [draft] ITL
If
<0518>
you see
<07200>
the extortion
<06233>
of the poor
<07326>
, or the perversion
<01499>
of justice
<04941>
and fairness
<06664>
in the government
<04082>
, do not
<0408>
be astonished
<08539>
by
<05921>
the matter
<02656>
. For
<03588>
the high
<01364>
official is watched
<08104>
by
<05921>
a higher
<01364>
official, and there are higher
<01364>
ones over
<05921>
them!
NET ©

If you see the extortion 1  of the poor, or the perversion 2  of justice and fairness in the government, 3  do not be astonished by the matter. For the high official is watched by a higher official, 4  and there are higher ones over them! 5 

NET © Notes

tn Alternately, “oppression.” The term עֹשֶׁק (’osheq) has a basic two-fold range of meaning: (1) “oppression; brutality” (e.g., Isa 54:14); and (2) “extortion” (e.g., Ps 62:11); see HALOT 897 s.v. עֹשֶׁק; BDB 799 s.v. עֹשֶׁק. The LXX understands the term as “oppression,” as the translation συκοφαντίαν (sukofantian, “oppression”) indicates. Likewise, HALOT 897 s.v. עֹשֶׁק 1 classifies this usage as “oppression” against the poor. However, the context of 5:8-9 [7-8 HT] focuses on corrupt government officials robbing people of the fruit of their labor through extortion and the perversion of justice.

tn Heb “robbery.” The noun גֵזֶל (gezel, “robbery”) refers to the wrestling away of righteousness or the perversion of justice (HALOT 186 s.v. גֵּזֶל). The related forms of the root גזל mean “to rob; to loot” (HALOT 186 s.v. גֵּזֶל). The term “robbery” is used as a figure for the perversion of justice (hypocatastasis): just as a thief robs his victims through physical violence, so corrupt government officials “rob” the poor through the perversion of justice.

tn Heb “in the province.”

tn The word “official” does not appear in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity.

sn And there are higher ones over them! This may describe a corrupt system of government in which each level of hierarchy exploits its subordinates, all the way down to the peasants: “Set in authority over the people is an official who enriches himself at their expense; he is watched by a more authoritative governor who also has his share of the spoils; and above them are other officers of the State who likewise have to be satisfied”; see A. Cohen, The Five Megilloth (SoBB), 141.



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