Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 2:18

Context
NET ©

So I loathed all the fruit of 1  my effort, 2  for which I worked so hard 3  on earth, 4  because 5  I must leave it 6  behind 7  in the hands of my successor. 8 

NIV ©

I hated all the things I had toiled for under the sun, because I must leave them to the one who comes after me.

NASB ©

Thus I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored under the sun, for I must leave it to the man who will come after me.

NLT ©

I am disgusted that I must leave the fruits of my hard work to others.

MSG ©

And I hated everything I'd accomplished and accumulated on this earth. I can't take it with me--no, I have to leave it to whoever comes after me.

BBE ©

Hate had I for all my work which I had done, because the man who comes after me will have its fruits.

NRSV ©

I hated all my toil in which I had toiled under the sun, seeing that I must leave it to those who come after me

NKJV ©

Then I hated all my labor in which I had toiled under the sun, because I must leave it to the man who will come after me.


KJV
Yea, I hated
<08130> (8804)
all my labour
<05999>
which I had taken
<06001>
under the sun
<08121>_:
because I should leave
<03240> (8686)
it unto the man
<0120>
that shall be after
<0310>
me. {taken: Heb. laboured}
NASB ©
Thus I hated
<08130>
all
<03605>
the fruit
<05999>
of my labor
<05999>
for which
<07945>
I had labored
<06001>
under
<08478>
the sun
<08121>
, for I must leave
<05117>
it to the man
<0120>
who
<07945>
will come
<01961>
after
<0310>
me.
HEBREW
yrxa
<0310>
hyhys
<01961>
Mdal
<0120>
wnxynas
<03240>
smsh
<08121>
txt
<08478>
lme
<06001>
ynas
<0589>
ylme
<05999>
lk
<03605>
ta
<0853>
yna
<0589>
ytanvw (2:18)
<08130>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
emishsa
<3404
V-AAI-1S
egw
<1473
P-NS
sun
<4862
PREP
panta
<3956
A-ASM
mocyon
<3449
N-ASM
mou
<1473
P-GS
on
<3739
R-ASM
egw
<1473
P-NS
mocyw {V-PAI-1S} upo
<5259
PREP
ton
<3588
T-ASM
hlion
<2246
N-ASM
oti
<3754
CONJ
afiw {V-PAS-1S} auton
<846
D-ASM
tw
<3588
T-DSM
anyrwpw
<444
N-DSM
tw
<3588
T-DSM
ginomenw
<1096
V-PMPDS
met
<3326
PREP
eme
<1473
P-AS
NET © [draft] ITL
So I
<0589>
loathed
<08130>
all
<03605>
the fruit of my effort
<05999>
, for which I
<0589>
worked
<06001>
so hard on earth
<08121>
, because I must leave
<03240>
it behind
<0310>
in the hands of my successor
<0120>
.
NET ©

So I loathed all the fruit of 1  my effort, 2  for which I worked so hard 3  on earth, 4  because 5  I must leave it 6  behind 7  in the hands of my successor. 8 

NET © Notes

tn The phrase “the fruit of” does not appear in the Hebrew text, but is supplied in the translation for clarity (see the following note on the phrase “hard labor”).

tn Heb “I hated all my toil for which I had toiled.” The term עֲמָלִי (’amali, “my toil”) is repeated throughout 2:18-21. In each case, it functions as a metonymy of cause (i.e., toil) for effect (i.e., fruit of labor). See, e.g., Ps 105:44; BDB 765 s.v עָמַל 3. The metonymy is indicated by several factors: (1) The 3rd person masculine singular suffix (“it”) on אַנִּיחֶנּוּ (’annikhennu, “I must leave it”) in 2:18, and on יִתְּנֶנּוּ (yittÿnennu, “I must give it”) in 2:21 refer to his wealth, that is, the fruit of his labor. (2) In 2:21 the 3rd person masculine singular suffix on שֶׁלֹּא עָמַל־בּוֹ (shello’ ’amal-bo, “who did not work for it”) refers to the inheritance that Qoheleth must turn over to his successor, namely, the fruit of his labor. (3) While he himself enjoyed the fruit of his labor, he despaired that he had to turn the fruit of his labor over to his successor: “So I loathed all the [fruit of] my labor” (2:18a) and “I began to despair about the [fruit of] my labor” (2:20a). Although most translations render עֲמָלִי as “my toil” in 2:18, the metonymy is recognized by several English translations: “So I hated all the fruit of my labor for which I had labored” (NASB); “So I detested all the fruits of my labor” (NAB); “I hated all the things I had toiled for” (NIV); and “So I loathed all the wealth that I was gaining” (NJPS).

tn Qoheleth uses an internal cognate accusative construction (accusative noun and verb from the same root) for emphasis: עֲמָלִי שֶׁאֲנִי עָמֵל (’amali sheaniamel, “my toil for which I had toiled”). See IBHS 167 §10.2.1g.

tn Heb “under the sun.”

tn The relative pronoun שֶׁ (she) on שֶׁאַנִּיחֶנּוּ (sheannikhennu, relative pronoun שֶׁ + Hiphil imperfect 1st person common singular from נוּחַ, nuakh, “to leave” + 3rd person masculine singular suffix) is causal: “Because I must leave it behind.”

tn The 3rd person masculine singular suffix on אַנִּיחֶנּוּ (’annikhennu, “I must leave it”) refers to Qoheleth’s wealth, that is, the fruit of his labor (see the note on the phrase “hard labor” in 2:18). The suffix is rendered literally by nearly all translations; however, a few make its referent explicit: “I have to leave its fruits” (NEB), “I must leave them [= all the fruits of my labor]” (NAB).

tn The verb נוּחַ (nuakh, “to rest”) denotes “to leave [something] behind” in the hands of someone (e.g., Ps 119:121; Eccl 2:18); see HALOT 680 s.v. נוח B.2.c. The imperfect functions in a modal sense of obligation or necessity. At death, Qoheleth will be forced to pass on his entire estate and the fruit of his labors to his successor.

tn Heb “to a man who will come after me.”



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