Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 1:6

Context
NET ©

The wind goes to the south and circles around to the north; round and round 1  the wind goes and on its rounds it returns. 2 

NIV ©

The wind blows to the south and turns to the north; round and round it goes, ever returning on its course.

NASB ©

Blowing toward the south, Then turning toward the north, The wind continues swirling along; And on its circular courses the wind returns.

NLT ©

The wind blows south and north, here and there, twisting back and forth, getting nowhere.

MSG ©

The wind blows south, the wind blows north. Around and around and around it blows, blowing this way, then that--the whirling, erratic wind.

BBE ©

The wind goes to the south, turning back again to the north; circling round for ever.

NRSV ©

The wind blows to the south, and goes around to the north; round and round goes the wind, and on its circuits the wind returns.

NKJV ©

The wind goes toward the south, And turns around to the north; The wind whirls about continually, And comes again on its circuit.


KJV
The wind
<07307>
goeth
<01980> (8802)
toward the south
<01864>_,
and turneth about
<05437> (8802)
unto the north
<06828>_;
it whirleth about continually
<01980> (8802)_,
and the wind
<07307>
returneth again
<07725> (8804)
according to his circuits
<05439>_.
NASB ©
Blowing
<01980>
toward
<0413>
the south
<01864>
, Then turning
<05437>
toward
<0413>
the north
<06828>
, The wind
<07307>
continues
<01980>
swirling
<05437>
along
<01980>
; And on its circular
<05439>
courses
<05439>
the wind
<07307>
returns
<07725>
.
HEBREW
xwrh
<07307>
bs
<07725>
wytbybo
<05439>
lew
<05921>
xwrh
<07307>
Klwh
<01980>
bbo
<05437>
bbwo
<05437>
Nwpu
<06828>
la
<0413>
bbwow
<05437>
Mwrd
<01864>
la
<0413>
Klwh (1:6)
<01980>
LXXM
anatellwn
<393
V-PAPNS
autov
<846
D-NSM
ekei
<1563
ADV
poreuetai
<4198
V-PMI-3S
prov
<4314
PREP
noton
<3558
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
kukloi
<2944
V-PAI-3S
prov
<4314
PREP
borran {N-ASM} kukloi
<2944
V-PAI-3S
kuklwn {N-GPM} poreuetai
<4198
V-PMI-3S
to
<3588
T-NSN
pneuma
<4151
N-NSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
epi
<1909
PREP
kuklouv {N-APM} autou
<846
D-GSM
epistrefei
<1994
V-PAI-3S
to
<3588
T-NSN
pneuma
<4151
N-NSN
NET © [draft] ITL
The wind goes
<01980>
to the south
<01864>
and circles around
<05437>
to
<0413>
the north
<06828>
; round
<05437>
and round
<05437>
the wind
<07307>
goes
<01980>
and on
<05921>
its rounds it
<05439>
returns
<07307>
.
NET ©

The wind goes to the south and circles around to the north; round and round 1  the wind goes and on its rounds it returns. 2 

NET © Notes

tn The Hebrew root סָבַב (savav, “to circle around”) is repeated four times in this verse to depict the wind’s continual motion: “The wind circles around (סוֹבֵב, sovev)…round and round (סוֹבֵב סֹבֵב)…its circuits (סְבִיבֹתָיו, sÿvivotayv).” This repetition is designed for a rhetorical purpose – to emphasize that the wind is locked into a never ending cycle. This vicious circle of monotonous action does not change anything. The participle form is used three times to emphasize continual, uninterrupted action (present universal use of participle). Despite the fact that the wind is always changing direction, nothing really new ever happens. The constant shifting of the wind cannot hide the fact that this is nothing but a repeated cycle; nothing new happens here (e.g., 1:9-10).

tn The use of שָׁב (shav, Qal active participle masculine singular from שׁוּב, shuv, “to return”) creates a wordplay (paronomasia) with the repetition of סָבַב (savav, “to circle around”). The participle emphasizes continual, durative, uninterrupted action (present universal use).



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