Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Ecclesiastes 1:11

Context
NET ©

No one remembers the former events, 1  nor will anyone remember 2  the events that are yet to happen; 3  they will not be remembered by the future generations. 4 

NIV ©

There is no remembrance of men of old, and even those who are yet to come will not be remembered by those who follow.

NASB ©

There is no remembrance of earlier things; And also of the later things which will occur, There will be for them no remembrance Among those who will come later still.

NLT ©

We don’t remember what happened in those former times. And in future generations, no one will remember what we are doing now.

MSG ©

Nobody remembers what happened yesterday. And the things that will happen tomorrow? Nobody'll remember them either. Don't count on being remembered.

BBE ©

There is no memory of those who have gone before, and of those who come after there will be no memory for those who are still to come after them.

NRSV ©

The people of long ago are not remembered, nor will there be any remembrance of people yet to come by those who come after them.

NKJV ©

There is no remembrance of former things , Nor will there be any remembrance of things that are to come By those who will come after.


KJV
[There is] no remembrance
<02146>
of former
<07223>
[things]; neither shall there be [any] remembrance
<02146>
of [things] that are to come
<0314>
with [those] that shall come after
<0314>_.
NASB ©
There
<0369>
is no
<0369>
remembrance
<02146>
of earlier
<07223>
things
<07223>
; And also
<01571>
of the later
<0314>
things
<0314>
which
<07945>
will occur
<01961>
, There will be for them no
<03808>
remembrance
<02146>
Among
<05973>
those who
<07945>
will come
<01961>
later
<0314>
still.
HEBREW
P
hnrxal
<0314>
wyhys
<01961>
Me
<05973>
Nwrkz
<02146>
Mhl
<01992>
hyhy
<01961>
al
<03808>
wyhys
<01961>
Mynrxal
<0314>
Mgw
<01571>
Mynsarl
<07223>
Nwrkz
<02146>
Nya (1:11)
<0369>
LXXM
ouk
<3364
ADV
estin
<1510
V-PAI-3S
mnhmh
<3420
N-NSF
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
prwtoiv
<4413
A-DPMS
kai
<2532
CONJ
ge
<1065
PRT
toiv
<3588
T-DPM
escatoiv
<2078
A-DPM
genomenoiv
<1096
V-AMPDP
ouk
<3364
ADV
estai
<1510
V-FMI-3S
autoiv
<846
D-DPM
mnhmh
<3420
N-NSF
meta
<3326
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPN
genhsomenwn
<1096
V-FMPGP
eiv
<1519
PREP
thn
<3588
T-ASF
escathn
<2078
A-ASF
NET © [draft] ITL
No
<0369>
one remembers
<02146>
the former
<07223>
events, nor
<01571>
will anyone remember the events that are yet to happen
<01961>
; they will not
<03808>
be
<01961>
remembered
<02146>
by the future
<0314>
generations.
NET ©

No one remembers the former events, 1  nor will anyone remember 2  the events that are yet to happen; 3  they will not be remembered by the future generations. 4 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “There is no remembrance of former things.” The term רִאשֹׁנִים (rishonim, “former things”) is the masculine plural form of the adjective רִאשׁוֹן (rishon,“former, first, chief”; BDB 911 s.v. רִאשׁוֹן). When used in a temporal sense, the singular denotes “former” in time (BDB 911 s.v. 1.a) or “first” in time (BDB 911 s.v. 2.a). The plural form is only used to denote “former” in time: “former persons,” i.e., ancestors, men of old (e.g., Lev 26:45; Deut 19:14; Job 18:20; Isa 61:4; Ps 79:8; Sirach 4:16) or “former things,” i.e., past events (e.g., Isa 41:22; 42:9; 43:9, 18; 46:9; 48:3). See BDB 911 s.v. 1.a, which suggests that this usage refers to “former persons.” This approach is adopted by several translations: “men of old” (NEB, NAB, NIV, Moffatt), “people of long ago” (NRSV), “earlier ones” (NJPS), and “former generations” (ASV). On the other hand, this Hebrew phrase may be nuanced “former things” or “earlier things” (HALOT 1168 s.v. ן(וֹ)רִאשֹׁ). This is adopted by some translations: “former things” (KJV, RSV) and “earlier things” (NASB). Although future generations are mentioned in 1:11, what they will not remember is the past events. The context of 1:3-11 focuses on human achievement, that is, former things.

tn The term “remember” is not in the Hebrew text, but has been supplied in the translation for clarity.

tn Heb “and also of the last things which will be.” The term אַחֲרֹנִים (’akharonim, “the future things”) is the masculine plural form of the adjective אַחֲרוֹן (’akharon) which means “coming after” (BDB 30 s.v. אַחֲרוֹן) or “at the back” (HALOT 36 s.v. אַחֲרוֹן). When used in a temporal sense, it may mean (1) “later one; (2) “in the future”; (3) “last”; or (4) “at the last” or “in the end” (HALOT 36 s.v. 2). The plural form may be used in reference to (1) future generations, e.g., Deut 29:21; Pss 48:14; 78:4, 6; 102:19; Job 18:20; Eccl 4:16, or (2) future events, e.g., Neh 8:18 (BDB 30 s.v.). BDB 30 s.v. b suggests that this usage refers to “future generations,” while HALOT 36 s.v. 2.c suggests future events. As mentioned in the previous note, it probably refers to future events rather than future generations.

sn The Hebrew terms translated former events and future events create a merism (two polar extremes encompass everything in between). This encompasses all secular achievements in human history past to future things yet to be done.

tn Heb “There will not be any remembrance of them among those who come after.”

sn According to Qoheleth, nothing new really happens under the sun (1:9). Apparent observations of what appears to be revolutionary are due to a lack of remembrance by subsequent generations of what happened long before their time in past generations (1:10-11a). And what will happen in future generations will not be remembered by the subsequent generations to arise after them (1:11b).



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