Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Deuteronomy 32:10

Context
NET ©

The Lord 1  found him 2  in a desolate land, in an empty wasteland where animals howl. 3  He continually guarded him 4  and taught him; 5  he continually protected him 6  like the pupil 7  of his eye.

NIV ©

In a desert land he found him, in a barren and howling waste. He shielded him and cared for him; he guarded him as the apple of his eye,

NASB ©

"He found him in a desert land, And in the howling waste of a wilderness; He encircled him, He cared for him, He guarded him as the pupil of His eye.

NLT ©

"He found them in a desert land, in an empty, howling wasteland. He surrounded them and watched over them; he guarded them as his most precious possession.

MSG ©

He found him out in the wilderness, in an empty, windswept wasteland. He threw his arms around him, lavished attention on him, guarding him as the apple of his eye.

BBE ©

He came to him in the waste land, in the unpeopled waste of sand: putting his arms round him and caring for him, he kept him as the light of his eye.

NRSV ©

He sustained him in a desert land, in a howling wilderness waste; he shielded him, cared for him, guarded him as the apple of his eye.

NKJV ©

"He found him in a desert land And in the wasteland, a howling wilderness; He encircled him, He instructed him, He kept him as the apple of His eye.


KJV
He found
<04672> (8799)
him in a desert
<04057>
land
<0776>_,
and in the waste
<08414>
howling
<03214>
wilderness
<03452>_;
he led him about
<05437> (8779)_,
he instructed
<0995> (8787)
him, he kept
<05341> (8799)
him as the apple
<0380>
of his eye
<05869>_.
{led: or, compassed}
NASB ©
"He found
<04672>
him in a desert
<04057>
land
<0776>
, And in the howling
<03214>
waste
<08414>
of a wilderness
<03452>
; He encircled
<05437>
him, He cared
<0995>
for him, He guarded
<05431>
him as the pupil
<0380>
of His eye
<05869>
.
HEBREW
wnye
<05869>
Nwsyak
<0380>
whnruy
<05341>
whnnwby
<0995>
whnbboy
<05437>
Nmsy
<03452>
lly
<03214>
whtbw
<08414>
rbdm
<04057>
Urab
<0776>
whaumy (32:10)
<04672>
LXXM
autarkhsen {V-AAI-3S} auton
<846
D-ASM
en
<1722
PREP
gh
<1065
N-DSF
erhmw
<2048
N-DSF
en
<1722
PREP
diqei
<1373
N-DSN
kaumatov
<2738
N-GSN
en
<1722
PREP
anudrw
<504
A-DSM
ekuklwsen
<2944
V-AAI-3S
auton
<846
D-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
epaideusen
<3811
V-AAI-3S
auton
<846
D-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
diefulaxen
<1314
V-AAI-3S
auton
<846
D-ASM
wv
<3739
CONJ
koran
<2879
N-ASF
ofyalmou
<3788
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The Lord found
<04672>
him in a desolate
<04057>
land
<0776>
, in an empty wasteland
<03452>
where animals howl
<03214>
. He continually guarded him and taught him
<0995>
; he continually protected him
<05341>
like
<05869>
the pupil
<0380>
of his eye
<05869>
.
NET ©

The Lord 1  found him 2  in a desolate land, in an empty wasteland where animals howl. 3  He continually guarded him 4  and taught him; 5  he continually protected him 6  like the pupil 7  of his eye.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “he.” The referent (the Lord) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

tn The reference is to “his people/Jacob” (cf. v. 9), that is, Israel (using a collective singular). The singular pronouns are replaced by plural ones throughout vv. 10-14 by some English versions as an aid to the modern reader (cf. NAB, NCV, TEV, NLT).

tn Heb “in an empty, howling wasteland.” The word “howling” is derived from a verbal root that typically refers to the wailing of mourners. Here it likely refers to the howling of desert animals, or perhaps to the howling wind, in which case one may translate, “in an empty, windy wasteland.”

tn Heb “was surrounding him.” The distinctive form of the suffix on this verb form indicates that the verb is an imperfect, not a preterite. As such it draws attention to God’s continuing care during the period in view. See A. F. Rainey, “The Ancient Hebrew Prefix Conjugation in the Light of Amarnah Canaanite,” Hebrew Studies 27 (1986): 15-16.

tn Heb “he gave him understanding.” The form of the suffix on this verb form indicates that the verb is a preterite, not an imperfect. As such it simply states the action factually. See A. F. Rainey, “The Ancient Hebrew Prefix Conjugation in the Light of Amarnah Canaanite,” Hebrew Studies 27 (1986): 15-16.

tn The distinctive form of the suffix on this verb form indicates that the verb is an imperfect, not a preterite. As such it draws attention to God’s continuing protection during the period in view. See A. F. Rainey, “The Ancient Hebrew Prefix Conjugation in the Light of Amarnah Canaanite,” Hebrew Studies 27 (1986): 15-16.

tn Heb “the little man.” The term אִישׁוֹן (’ishon) means literally “little man,” perhaps because when one looks into another’s eyes he sees himself reflected there in miniature. See A. Harman, NIDOTTE 1:391.



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