Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Deuteronomy 18:10

Context
NETBible

There must never be found among you anyone who sacrifices his son or daughter in the fire, 1  anyone who practices divination, 2  an omen reader, 3  a soothsayer, 4  a sorcerer, 5 

XREF

Ex 22:18; Le 18:21-30; Le 19:26,31; Le 20:2-5; Le 20:26,27; De 12:31; 1Sa 28:3,7,9; 2Ki 16:3; 2Ki 17:17; 2Ki 21:6; 1Ch 10:13; 2Ch 28:3; 2Ch 33:6; Ps 106:37,38; Isa 8:19,20; Isa 47:13; Jer 19:4-6; Jer 32:35; Ac 19:19; Ga 5:20

NET © Notes

tn Heb “who passes his son or his daughter through the fire.” The expression “pass…through the fire” is probably a euphemism for human sacrifice (cf. NAB, NIV, TEV, NLT). See also Deut 12:31.

tn Heb “a diviner of divination” (קֹסֵם קְסָמִים, qosem qÿsamim). This was a means employed to determine the future or the outcome of events by observation of various omens and signs (cf. Num 22:7; 23:23; Josh 13:22; 1 Sam 6:2; 15:23; 28:8; etc.). See M. Horsnell, NIDOTTE 3:945-51.

tn Heb “one who causes to appear” (מְעוֹנֵן, mÿonen). Such a practitioner was thought to be able to conjure up spirits or apparitions (cf. Lev 19:26; Judg 9:37; 2 Kgs 21:6; Isa 2:6; 57:3; Jer 27:9; Mic 5:11).

tn Heb “a seeker of omens” (מְנַחֵשׁ, mÿnakhesh). This is a subset of divination, one illustrated by the use of a “divining cup” in the story of Joseph (Gen 44:5).

tn Heb “a doer of sorcery” (מְכַשֵּׁף, mikhashef). This has to do with magic or the casting of spells in order to manipulate the gods or the powers of nature (cf. Lev 19:26-31; 2 Kgs 17:15b-17; 21:1-7; Isa 57:3, 5; etc.). See M. Horsnell, NIDOTTE 2:735-38.



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