Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Deuteronomy 12:32

Context
NET ©

(13:1) 1  You 2  must be careful to do everything I am commanding you. Do not add to it or subtract from it! 3 

NIV ©

See that you do all I command you; do not add to it or take away from it.

NASB ©

"Whatever I command you, you shall be careful to do; you shall not add to nor take away from it.

NLT ©

Carefully obey all the commands I give you. Do not add to them or subtract from them.

MSG ©

Diligently do everything I command you, the way I command you: don't add to it; don't subtract from it.

BBE ©

You are to keep with care all the words I give you, making no addition to them and taking nothing from them.

NRSV ©

You must diligently observe everything that I command you; do not add to it or take anything from it.

NKJV ©

"Whatever I command you, be careful to observe it; you shall not add to it nor take away from it.


KJV
What thing
<01697>
soever I command
<06680> (8764)
you, observe
<08104> (8799)
to do
<06213> (8800)
it: thou shalt not add
<03254> (8686)
thereto, nor diminish
<01639> (8799)
from it.
NASB ©
"Whatever
<03605>
I command
<06680>
you, you shall be careful
<08104>
to do
<06213>
; you shall not add
<03254>
to nor
<03808>
take
<01639>
away
<01639>
from it.
HEBREW
P
wnmm
<04480>
ergt
<01639>
alw
<03808>
wyle
<05921>
Pot
<03254>
al
<03808>
twvel
<06213>
wrmst
<08104>
wta
<0853>
Mkta
<0853>
hwum
<06680>
ykna
<0595>
rsa
<0834>
rbdh
<01697>
lk
<03605>
ta
<0853>
(12:32)
<13:1>
LXXM
(13:1) pan
<3956
A-ASN
rhma
<4487
N-ASN
o
<3739
R-ASN
egw
<1473
P-NS
entellomai
<1781
V-PMI-1S
soi
<4771
P-DS
shmeron
<4594
ADV
touto
<3778
D-ASN
fulaxh
<5442
V-FMI-2S
poiein
<4160
V-PAN
ou
<3364
ADV
prosyhseiv
<4369
V-FAI-2S
ep
<1909
PREP
auto
<846
D-ASN
oude
<3761
CONJ
afeleiv {V-FAI-2S} ap
<575
PREP
autou
<846
D-GSN
NET © [draft] ITL
You must be careful
<08104>
to do
<06213>
everything
<03605>
I am
<0595>
commanding
<06680>
you. Do
<06213>
not
<03808>
add
<03254>
to it or
<03808>
subtract
<01639>
from
<04480>
it!
NET ©

(13:1) 1  You 2  must be careful to do everything I am commanding you. Do not add to it or subtract from it! 3 

NET © Notes

sn Beginning with 12:32, the verse numbers through 13:18 in the English Bible differ from the verse numbers in the Hebrew text (BHS), with 12:32 ET = 13:1 HT, 13:1 ET = 13:2 HT, 13:2 ET = 13:3 HT, etc., through 13:18 ET = 13:19 HT. With 14:1 the verse numbers in the ET and HT are again the same.

tn This verse highlights a phenomenon found throughout Deuteronomy, but most especially in chap. 12, namely, the alternation of grammatical singular and plural forms of the pronoun (known as Numeruswechsel in German scholarship). Critical scholarship in general resolves the “problem” by suggesting varying literary traditions – one favorable to the singular pronoun and the other to the plural – which appear in the (obviously rough) redacted text at hand. Even the ancient versions were troubled by the lack of harmony of grammatical number and in this verse, for example, offered a number of alternate readings. The MT reads “Everything I am commanding you (plural) you (plural) must be careful to do; you (singular) must not add to it nor should you (singular) subtract form it.” Smr, LXX, Syriac, and Vulgate suggest singular for the first two pronouns but a few Smr mss propose plural for the last two. What both ancient and modern scholars tend to overlook, however, is the covenantal theological tone of the Book of Deuteronomy, one that views Israel as a collective body (singular) made up of many individuals (plural). See M. Weinfeld, Deuteronomy 1–11 (AB), 15-16; J. A. Thompson, Deuteronomy (TOTC), 21-23.

sn Do not add to it or subtract from it. This prohibition makes at least two profound theological points: (1) This work by Moses is of divine origination (i.e., it is inspired) and therefore can tolerate no human alteration; and (2) the work is complete as it stands (i.e., it is canonical).



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