Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Amos 2:4

Context
NET ©

This is what the Lord says: “Because Judah has committed three covenant transgressions 1  – make that four! 2  – I will not revoke my decree of judgment. 3  They rejected the Lord’s law; 4  they did not obey his commands. Their false gods, 5  to which their fathers were loyal, 6  led them astray.

NIV ©

This is what the LORD says: "For three sins of Judah, even for four, I will not turn back my wrath . Because they have rejected the law of the LORD and have not kept his decrees, because they have been led astray by false gods, the gods their ancestors followed,

NASB ©

Thus says the LORD, "For three transgressions of Judah and for four I will not revoke its punishment, Because they rejected the law of the LORD And have not kept His statutes; Their lies also have led them astray, Those after which their fathers walked.

NLT ©

This is what the LORD says: "The people of Judah have sinned again and again, and I will not forget it. I will not let them go unpunished any longer! They have rejected the laws of the LORD, refusing to obey him. They have been led astray by the same lies that deceived their ancestors.

MSG ©

GOD's Message: "Because of the three great sins of Judah--make that four--I'm not putting up with them any longer. They rejected GOD's revelation, refused to keep my commands. But they swallowed the same old lies that got their ancestors onto dead-end roads.

BBE ©

These are the words of the Lord: For three crimes of Judah, and for four, I will not let its fate be changed; because they have given up the law of the Lord, and have not kept his rules; and their false ways, in which their fathers went, have made them go out of the right way.

NRSV ©

Thus says the LORD: For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not revoke the punishment; because they have rejected the law of the LORD, and have not kept his statutes, but they have been led astray by the same lies after which their ancestors walked.

NKJV ©

Thus says the LORD: "For three transgressions of Judah, and for four, I will not turn away its punishment , Because they have despised the law of the LORD, And have not kept His commandments. Their lies lead them astray, Lies which their fathers followed.


KJV
Thus saith
<0559> (8804)
the LORD
<03068>_;
For three
<07969>
transgressions
<06588>
of Judah
<03063>_,
and for four
<0702>_,
I will not turn away
<07725> (8686)
[the punishment] thereof; because they have despised
<03988> (8800)
the law
<08451>
of the LORD
<03068>_,
and have not kept
<08104> (8804)
his commandments
<02706>_,
and their lies
<03577>
caused them to err
<08582> (8686)_,
after
<0310>
the which their fathers
<01>
have walked
<01980> (8804)_:
NASB ©
Thus
<03541>
says
<0559>
the LORD
<03068>
, "For three
<07969>
transgressions
<06588>
of Judah
<03063>
and for four
<0702>
I will not revoke
<07725>
its punishment, Because
<05921>
they rejected
<03988>
the law
<08451>
of the LORD
<03068>
And have not kept
<08104>
His statutes
<02706>
; Their lies
<03577>
also have led
<08582>
them astray
<08582>
, Those after
<0310>
which
<0834>
their fathers
<01>
walked
<01980>
.
HEBREW
Mhyrxa
<0310>
Mtwba
<01>
wklh
<01980>
rsa
<0834>
Mhybzk
<03577>
Mwetyw
<08582>
wrms
<08104>
al
<03808>
wyqxw
<02706>
hwhy
<03069>
trwt
<08451>
ta
<0853>
Moam
<03988>
le
<05921>
wnbysa
<07725>
al
<03808>
hebra
<0702>
lew
<05921>
hdwhy
<03063>
yesp
<06588>
hsls
<07969>
le
<05921>
hwhy
<03069>
rma
<0559>
hk (2:4)
<03541>
LXXM
tade
<3592
D-APN
legei
<3004
V-PAI-3S
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
epi
<1909
PREP
taiv
<3588
T-DPF
trisin
<5140
A-DPF
asebeiaiv
<763
N-DPF
uiwn
<5207
N-GPM
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
epi
<1909
PREP
taiv
<3588
T-DPF
tessarsin
<5064
A-DPF
ouk
<3364
ADV
apostrafhsomai
<654
V-FPI-1S
auton
<846
D-ASM
eneka
<1752
PREP
tou
<3588
T-GSN
apwsasyai {V-AMN} autouv
<846
D-APM
ton
<3588
T-ASM
nomon
<3551
N-ASM
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ta
<3588
T-APN
prostagmata {N-APN} autou
<846
D-GSM
ouk
<3364
ADV
efulaxanto
<5442
V-AMI-3P
kai
<2532
CONJ
eplanhsen
<4105
V-AAI-3S
autouv
<846
D-APM
ta
<3588
T-APN
mataia
<3152
A-APN
autwn
<846
D-GPM
a
<3739
R-APN
epoihsan
<4160
V-AAI-3P
oiv
<3739
R-DPM
exhkolouyhsan
<1811
V-AAI-3P
oi
<3588
T-NPM
paterev
<3962
N-NPM
autwn
<846
D-GPM
opisw
<3694
PREP
autwn
<846
D-GPM
NET © [draft] ITL
This is what
<03541>
the Lord
<03069>
says
<0559>
: “Because Judah
<03063>
has committed three
<07969>
covenant transgressions
<06588>
– make that four
<0702>
!– I will not
<03808>
revoke
<07725>
my decree
<02706>
of judgment. They rejected
<03988>
the Lord’s
<03069>
law
<08451>
; they did not
<03808>
obey
<08104>
his commands
<02706>
. Their false
<03577>
gods, to which
<0834>
their fathers
<01>
were loyal
<0310>
, led
<01980>
them astray
<08582>
.
NET ©

This is what the Lord says: “Because Judah has committed three covenant transgressions 1  – make that four! 2  – I will not revoke my decree of judgment. 3  They rejected the Lord’s law; 4  they did not obey his commands. Their false gods, 5  to which their fathers were loyal, 6  led them astray.

NET © Notes

tn This is the same Hebrew term that is translated “crimes” in the previous oracles (see at 1:3). The change to “covenant transgressions” reflects the probability that the prophet is condemning the nation of Israel for violating stipulations of the Mosaic Law.

tn Heb “Because of three violations of Judah, even because of four.”

sn On the three…four style that introduces each of the judgment oracles of chaps. 1-2 see the note on the word “four” in 1:3.

tn Heb “I will not bring it [or “him”] back.” The translation understands the pronominal object to refer to the decree of judgment that follows; the referent (the decree) has been specified in the translation for clarity. For another option see the note on the word “judgment” in 1:3.

tn Or “instruction”; NCV “teachings.”

tn Heb “lies.” This may very well be a derogatory term for idols (perhaps also at Ps. 40:4 [Heb 40:5]). Elsewhere false gods are called “vanities” (Deut 32:21; 1 Kgs 16:13, 26) and a delusion (Isa 66:3). In no other prophetic passages, however, are they called “lies.” The term could refer to the deceptions of false prophets (note Ezek 13:6-9; cf. Hab 2:3). See F. I. Andersen and D. N. Freedman, Amos (AB), 301-6.

tn Heb “after which their fathers walked.” The expression “to walk after” is an idiom meaning “to be loyal to.” See S. M. Paul, Amos (Hermeneia), 75-76.

sn Here the idolatry of the parents carried over to the children, who persisted in worshiping the idols to which their fathers were loyal.



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