Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Amos 1:1

Context
NET ©

The following is a record of what Amos prophesied. 1  He 2  was one of the herdsmen from Tekoa. These prophecies about Israel were revealed to him 3  during the time of 4  King Uzziah of Judah and 5  King Jeroboam son of Joash of Israel, two years before the earthquake. 6 

NIV ©

The words of Amos, one of the shepherds of Tekoa—what he saw concerning Israel two years before the earthquake, when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam son of Jehoash was king of Israel.

NASB ©

The words of Amos, who was among the sheepherders from Tekoa, which he envisioned in visions concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

NLT ©

This message was given to Amos, a shepherd from the town of Tekoa in Judah. He received this message in visions two years before the earthquake, when Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam II, the son of Jehoash, was king of Israel.

MSG ©

The Message of Amos, one of the shepherds of Tekoa, that he received on behalf of Israel. It came to him in visions during the time that Uzziah was king of Judah and Jeroboam II son of Joash was king of Israel, two years before the big earthquake.

BBE ©

The words of Amos, who was among the herdsmen of Tekoa; what he saw about Israel in the days of Uzziah, king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam, the son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earth-shock.

NRSV ©

The words of Amos, who was among the shepherds of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of King Uzziah of Judah and in the days of King Jeroboam son of Joash of Israel, two years before the earthquake.

NKJV ©

The words of Amos, who was among the sheepbreeders of Tekoa, which he saw concerning Israel in the days of Uzziah king of Judah, and in the days of Jeroboam the son of Joash, king of Israel, two years before the earthquake.


KJV
The words
<01697>
of Amos
<05986>_,
who was among the herdmen
<05349>
of Tekoa
<08620>_,
which he saw
<02372> (8804)
concerning Israel
<03478>
in the days
<03117>
of Uzziah
<05818>
king
<04428>
of Judah
<03063>_,
and in the days
<03117>
of Jeroboam
<03379>
the son
<01121>
of Joash
<03101>
king
<04428>
of Israel
<03478>_,
two years
<08141>
before
<06440>
the earthquake
<07494>_.
NASB ©
The words
<01697>
of Amos
<05986>
, who
<0834>
was among the sheepherders
<05349>
from Tekoa
<08620>
, which
<0834>
he envisioned
<02372>
in visions
<02372>
concerning
<05921>
Israel
<03478>
in the days
<03117>
of Uzziah
<05818>
king
<04428>
of Judah
<03063>
, and in the days
<03117>
of Jeroboam
<03379>
son
<01121>
of Joash
<03060>
, king
<04428>
of Israel
<03478>
, two years
<08141>
before
<06440>
the earthquake
<07494>
.
HEBREW
serh
<07494>
ynpl
<06440>
Mytns
<08141>
larvy
<03478>
Klm
<04428>
sawy
<03101>
Nb
<01121>
Mebry
<03379>
ymybw
<03117>
hdwhy
<03063>
Klm
<04428>
hyze
<05818>
ymyb
<03117>
larvy
<03478>
le
<05921>
hzx
<02372>
rsa
<0834>
ewqtm
<08620>
Mydqnb
<05349>
hyh
<01961>
rsa
<0834>
owme
<05986>
yrbd (1:1)
<01697>
LXXM
logoi
<3056
N-NPM
amwv
<301
N-PRI
oi
<3739
R-NPM
egenonto
<1096
V-AMI-3P
en
<1722
PREP
nakkarim {N-PRI} ek
<1537
PREP
yekoue {N-PRI} ouv
<3739
R-APM
eiden
<3708
V-AAI-3S
uper
<5228
PREP
ierousalhm
<2419
N-PRI
en
<1722
PREP
hmeraiv
<2250
N-DPF
oziou
<3604
N-GSM
basilewv
<935
N-GSM
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
kai
<2532
CONJ
en
<1722
PREP
hmeraiv
<2250
N-DPF
ieroboam {N-PRI} tou
<3588
T-GSM
iwav {N-PRI} basilewv
<935
N-GSM
israhl
<2474
N-PRI
pro
<4253
PREP
duo
<1417
N-NUI
etwn
<2094
N-GPN
tou
<3588
T-GSM
seismou
<4578
N-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The following is a record of what
<01697>
Amos
<05986>
prophesied. He was one of the herdsmen
<05349>
from Tekoa
<08620>
. These prophecies
<02372>
about Israel
<03478>
were revealed
<02372>
to him
<05921>
during the time
<03117>
of King
<04428>
Uzziah
<05818>
of Judah
<03063>
and King
<04428>
Jeroboam
<03379>
son
<01121>
of Joash
<03101>
of Israel
<03478>
, two years
<08141>
before
<06440>
the earthquake
<07494>
.
NET ©

The following is a record of what Amos prophesied. 1  He 2  was one of the herdsmen from Tekoa. These prophecies about Israel were revealed to him 3  during the time of 4  King Uzziah of Judah and 5  King Jeroboam son of Joash of Israel, two years before the earthquake. 6 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “The words of Amos.” Among the prophetic books this opening phrase finds a parallel only at Jer 1:1 but is not that uncommon in other genres (note, e.g., Prov 30:1; 31:1; Eccl 1:1; Neh 1:1).

tn Heb “who.” Here a new sentence has been started in the translation for stylistic reasons.

tn Heb “which he saw concerning Israel.”

tn Heb “in the days of.”

tn The Hebrew text repeats, “and in the days of.” This phrase has not been repeated in the translation for stylistic reasons.

sn This refers to a well-known earthquake that occurred during the first half of the 8th century b.c. According to a generally accepted dating system, Uzziah was a co-regent with his father Amaziah from 792-767 b.c. and ruled independently from 767-740 b.c. Jeroboam II was a co-regent with his father Joash from 793-782 b.c. and ruled independently from 782-753 b.c. Since only Uzziah and Jeroboam are mentioned in the introduction it is likely that Amos’ mission to Israel and the earthquake which followed occurred between 767-753 b.c. The introduction validates the genuine character of Amos’ prophetic ministry in at least two ways: (1) Amos was not a native Israelite or a prophet by trade. Rather he was a herdsman in Tekoa, located in Judah. His mere presence in the northern kingdom as a prophet was evidence that he had been called by God (see 7:14-15). (2) The mighty earthquake shortly after Amos’ ministry would have been interpreted as an omen or signal of approaching judgment. The clearest references to an earthquake are 1:1 and 9:1, 5. It is possible that the verb הָפַךְ (hafakh, “overturn”) at 3:13-15, 4:11, 6:11, and 8:8 also refers to an earthquake, as might the descriptions at 2:13 and 6:9-10. Evidence of a powerful earthquake has been correlated with a destruction layer at Hazor and other sites. Its lasting impact is evident by its mention in Zech 14:5 and 2 Chr 26:16-21. Earthquake imagery appears in later prophets as well (cf. D. N. Freedman and A. Welch, “Amos’s Earthquake and Israelite Prophecy,” Scripture and Other Artifacts, 188-98). On the other hand, some of these verses in Amos could allude to the devastation that would be caused by the imminent military invasion.



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