Acts 28:4

NET ©

When the local people saw the creature hanging from Paul’s hand, they said to one another, “No doubt this man is a murderer! Although he has escaped from the sea, Justice herself has not allowed him to live!”

NIV ©

When the islanders saw the snake hanging from his hand, they said to each other, "This man must be a murderer; for though he escaped from the sea, Justice has not allowed him to live."

NASB ©

When the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they began saying to one another, "Undoubtedly this man is a murderer, and though he has been saved from the sea, justice has not allowed him to live."

NLT ©

The people of the island saw it hanging there and said to each other, "A murderer, no doubt! Though he escaped the sea, justice will not permit him to live."

MSG ©

Seeing the snake hanging from Paul's hand like that, the natives jumped to the conclusion that he was a murderer getting his just deserts.

BBE ©

And when the people saw it hanging on his hand, they said to one another, Without doubt this man has put someone to death, and though he has got safely away from the sea, God will not let him go on living.

NRSV ©

When the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, "This man must be a murderer; though he has escaped from the sea, justice has not allowed him to live."

NKJV ©

So when the natives saw the creature hanging from his hand, they said to one another, "No doubt this man is a murderer, whom, though he has escaped the sea, yet justice does not allow to live."

KJV
And
<1161>
when
<5613>
the barbarians
<915>
saw
<1492> (5627)
the [venomous] beast
<2342>
hang
<2910> (5734)
on
<1537>
his
<846>
hand
<5495>_,
they said
<3004> (5707)
among
<4314>
themselves
<240>_,
No doubt
<3843>
this
<3778>
man
<444>
is
<2076> (5748)
a murderer
<5406>_,
whom
<3739>_,
though he hath escaped
<1295> (5685) <1537>
the sea
<2281>_,
yet vengeance
<1349>
suffereth
<1439> (5656)
not
<3756>
to live
<2198> (5721)_.
GREEK
wv
<5613>
ADV
de
<1161>
CONJ
eidon
<1492> (5627)
V-2AAI-3P
oi
<3588>
T-NPM
barbaroi
<915>
A-NPM
kremamenon
<2910> (5734)
V-PMP-ASN
to
<3588>
T-ASN
yhrion
<2342>
N-ASN
ek
<1537>
PREP
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
ceirov
<5495>
N-GSF
autou
<846>
P-GSM
prov
<4314>
PREP
allhlouv
<240>
C-APM
elegon
<3004> (5707)
V-IAI-3P
pantwv
<3843>
ADV
foneuv
<5406>
N-NSM
estin
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-3S
o
<3588>
T-NSM
anyrwpov
<444>
N-NSM
outov
<3778>
D-NSM
on
<3739>
R-ASM
diaswyenta
<1295> (5685)
V-APP-ASM
ek
<1537>
PREP
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
yalasshv
<2281>
N-GSF
h
<3588>
T-NSF
dikh
<1349>
N-NSF
zhn
<2198> (5721)
V-PAN
ouk
<3756>
PRT-N
eiasen
<1439> (5656)
V-AAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
When
<5613>
the local people
<915>
saw
<1492>
the creature
<2342>
hanging
<2910>
from
<1537>
Paul’s
<846>
hand
<5495>
, they said
<3004>
to
<4314>
one another
<240>
, “No doubt
<3843>
this
<3778>
man
<444>
is
<1510>
a murderer
<5406>
! Although he has escaped
<1295>
from
<1537>
the sea
<2281>
, Justice
<1349>
herself has
<1439>
not
<3756>
allowed
<1439>
him to live
<2198>
!”
NET © Notes

tn Although this is literally βάρβαροι (barbaroi; “foreigners, barbarians”) used for non-Greek or non-Romans, as BDAG 166 s.v. βάρβαρος 2.b notes, “Of the inhabitants of Malta, who apparently spoke in their native language Ac 28:2, 4 (here β. certainly without derogatory tone…).”

tn Grk “his”; the referent (Paul) has been specified in the translation for clarity.

tn That is, the goddess Justice has not allowed him to live. BDAG 250 s.v. δίκη 2 states, “Justice personified as a deity Ac 28:4”; L&N 12.27, “a goddess who personifies justice in seeking out and punishing the guilty – ‘the goddess Justice.’ ἡ δίκη ζῆν οὐκ εἴασεν ‘the goddess Justice would not let him live’ Ac 28:4.” Although a number of modern English translations have rendered δίκη (dikh) “justice,” preferring to use an abstraction, in the original setting it is almost certainly a reference to a pagan deity. In the translation, the noun “justice” was capitalized and the reflexive pronoun “herself” was supplied to make the personification clear. This was considered preferable to supplying a word like ‘goddess’ in connection with δίκη.

sn The entire scene is played out initially as a kind of oracle from the gods resulting in the judgment of a guilty person (Justice herself has not allowed him to live). Paul’s survival of this incident without ill effects thus spoke volumes about his innocence.