Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

Acts 23:10


When the argument became 1  so great the commanding officer 2  feared that they would tear Paul to pieces, 3  he ordered the detachment 4  to go down, take him away from them by force, 5  and bring him into the barracks. 6 


Ps 7:2; Ps 50:22; Mic 3:3; Ac 19:28-31; Ac 21:30-36; Ac 22:24; Ac 23:27; Jas 1:19; Jas 3:14-18; Jas 4:1,2

NET © Notes

tn This genitive absolute construction with the participle γινομένης (ginomenhs) has been taken temporally (it could also be translated as causal).

tn Grk “the chiliarch” (an officer in command of a thousand soldiers). In Greek the term χιλίαρχος (ciliarco") literally described the “commander of a thousand,” but it was used as the standard translation for the Latin tribunus militum or tribunus militare, the military tribune who commanded a cohort of 600 men.

tn Grk “that Paul would be torn to pieces by them.” BDAG 236 s.v. διασπάω has “of an angry mob μὴ διασπασθῇ ὁ Παῦλος ὑπ᾿ αὐτῶν that Paul would be torn in pieces by them Ac 23:10.” The passive construction is somewhat awkward in English and has been converted to an equivalent active construction in the translation.

tn Normally this term means “army,” but according to BDAG 947 s.v. στράτευμα, “Of a smaller detachment of soldiers, sing. Ac 23:10, 27.” In the plural it can be translated “troops,” but it is singular here.

tn Or “to go down, grab him out of their midst.”

tn Or “the headquarters.” BDAG 775 s.v. παρεμβολή 2 has “barracks/headquarters of the Roman troops in Jerusalem Ac 21:34, 37; 22:24; 23:10, 16, 32.”

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