Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

3 John 1:11

Context
NETBible

Dear friend, do not imitate what is bad but what is good. 1  The one who does good is of God; the one who does what is bad has not seen God. 2 

XREF

Ex 23:2; Ps 37:27; Pr 12:11; Isa 1:16,17; Joh 3:20; Joh 10:27; Joh 12:26; 1Co 4:16; 1Co 11:1; Eph 5:1; Php 3:17; 1Th 1:6; 1Th 2:14; 2Ti 3:10; Heb 6:12; 1Pe 3:11; 1Pe 3:13; 1Jo 2:29; 1Jo 3:6-9

NET © Notes

sn The exhortation do not imitate what is bad but what is good is clearly a reference to Diotrephes’ evil behavior. The author exhorts Gaius (whom he wishes to continue assisting the missionaries) not to follow the negative example of Diotrephes, but to do what is right. Implicitly there may be a contrast between the bad behavior of Diotrephes and the good reputation of Demetrius (mentioned in the following verse); but it seems more likely that Demetrius is himself one of the traveling missionaries (perhaps their leader), rather than the leader of a local congregation who, unlike Diotrephes, has supported the missionaries himself.

sn The statement The one who does what is bad has not seen God is asyndetic; its abrupt introduction adds emphasis. The statement reiterates the common Johannine theme of behavior as an indication of genuine faith, found in 1 John in 3:6, 10; 4:7, 20; and in the Gospel of John in 3:17-21. By implication, the genuineness of Diotrephes’ faith is called into question, because he has obviously done what is bad (v. 11b; cf. vv. 9-10). In John’s terminology it is clear that the phrase has not seen God is equivalent to “is not a genuine Christian” (see John 3:17-21 and 1 John 3:6, 10; 4:7, 20).



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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