Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Samuel 23:13

Context
NET ©

At the time of 1  the harvest three 2  of the thirty leaders went down to 3  David at the cave of Adullam. A band of Philistines was camped in the valley of Rephaim.

NIV ©

During harvest time, three of the thirty chief men came down to David at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.

NASB ©

Then three of the thirty chief men went down and came to David in the harvest time to the cave of Adullam, while the troop of the Philistines was camping in the valley of Rephaim.

NLT ©

Once during harvesttime, when David was at the cave of Adullam, the Philistine army was camped in the valley of Rephaim. The Three (who were among the Thirty––an elite group among David’s fighting men) went down to meet him there.

MSG ©

One day during harvest, the Three parted from the Thirty and joined David at the Cave of Adullam. A squad of Philistines had set up camp in the Valley of Rephaim.

BBE ©

And three of the thirty went down at the start of the grain-cutting, and they came to David at the strong place of Adullam; and the band of Philistines had taken up their position in the valley of Rephaim.

NRSV ©

Towards the beginning of harvest three of the thirty chiefs went down to join David at the cave of Adullam, while a band of Philistines was encamped in the valley of Rephaim.

NKJV ©

Then three of the thirty chief men went down at harvest time and came to David at the cave of Adullam. And the troop of Philistines encamped in the Valley of Rephaim.


KJV
And three
<07969> (8675) <07970>
of the thirty
<07970>
chief
<07218>
went down
<03381> (8799)_,
and came
<0935> (8799)
to David
<01732>
in the harvest time
<07105>
unto the cave
<04631>
of Adullam
<05725>_:
and the troop
<02416>
of the Philistines
<06430>
pitched
<02583> (8802)
in the valley
<06010>
of Rephaim
<07497>_.
{three...: or, the three captains over the thirty}
NASB ©
Then three
<07969>
of the thirty
<07970>
chief
<07218>
men
<07218>
went
<03381>
down
<03381>
and came
<0935>
to David
<01732>
in the harvest
<07105>
time
<07105>
to the cave
<04631>
of Adullam
<05725>
, while the troop
<02422>
of the Philistines
<06430>
was camping
<02583>
in the valley
<06010>
of Rephaim
<07497>
.
HEBREW
Myapr
<07497>
qmeb
<06010>
hnx
<02583>
Mytslp
<06430>
tyxw
<02416>
Mlde
<05725>
trem
<04631>
la
<0413>
dwd
<01732>
la
<0413>
ryuq
<07105>
la
<0413>
wabyw
<0935>
sar
<07218>
Myslshm
<07970>
*hsls {Mysls}
<07970>
wdryw (23:13)
<03381>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
katebhsan
<2597
V-AAI-3P
treiv
<5140
N-NUI
apo
<575
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPM
triakonta
<5144
N-NUI
kai
<2532
CONJ
hlyon
<2064
V-AAI-3P
eiv
<1519
PREP
kaswn {N-PRI} prov
<4314
PREP
dauid {N-PRI} eiv
<1519
PREP
to
<3588
T-ASN
sphlaion
<4693
N-ASN
odollam {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
tagma
<5001
N-ASN
twn
<3588
T-GPM
allofulwn
<246
A-GPM
parenebalon {V-AAI-3P} en
<1722
PREP
th
<3588
T-DSF
koiladi {N-DSF} rafaim {N-PRI}
NET © [draft] ITL
At the time of the harvest
<07105>
three
<07970>
of the thirty
<07970>
leaders
<07218>
went down
<03381>
to
<0413>
David
<01732>
at
<0413>
the cave
<04631>
of Adullam
<05725>
. A band
<02416>
of Philistines
<06430>
was camped
<02583>
in the valley
<06010>
of Rephaim
<07497>
.
NET ©

At the time of 1  the harvest three 2  of the thirty leaders went down to 3  David at the cave of Adullam. A band of Philistines was camped in the valley of Rephaim.

NET © Notes

tn The meaning of Hebrew אֶל־קָצִיר (’el qatsir) seems here to be “at the time of harvest,” although this is an unusual use of the phrase. As S. R. Driver points out, this preposition does not normally have the temporal sense of “in” or “during” (S. R. Driver, Notes on the Hebrew Text and the Topography of the Books of Samuel, 366).

tc The translation follows the Qere and many medieval Hebrew mss in reading שְׁלֹשָׁה (shÿloshah, “three”) rather than the Kethib of the MT שְׁלֹשִׁים (shÿloshim, “thirty”). “Thirty” is due to dittography of the following word and makes no sense in the context.

tn Heb “went down…and approached.”



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