Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Samuel 22:9

Context
NETBible

Smoke ascended from 1  his nose; 2  fire devoured as it came from his mouth; 3  he hurled down fiery coals. 4 

XREF

Ex 15:7,8; Ex 19:18; Ex 24:17; De 32:22; 2Sa 22:16; Job 4:9; Job 41:20,21; Ps 18:8,15; Ps 97:3-5; Isa 30:27,33; Jer 5:14; Jer 15:14; Hab 3:5; Heb 12:29

NET © Notes

tn Heb “within” or “[from] within.” For a discussion of the use of the preposition בְּ (bet) here, see R. B. Chisholm, “An Exegetical and Theological Study of Psalm 18/2 Samuel 22” (Th.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1983), 163-64.

tn Or “in his anger.” The noun אַף (’af) can carry the abstract meaning “anger,” but the parallelism (note “from his mouth”) suggests the more concrete meaning “nose” here (most English versions, “nostrils”). See also v. 16, “the powerful breath of your nose.”

tn Heb “fire from his mouth devoured.” In this poetic narrative the prefixed verbal form is best understood as a preterite indicating past tense, not an imperfect. Note the two perfect verbal forms in the verse.

sn For other examples of fire as a weapon in Old Testament theophanies and ancient Near Eastern portrayals of warring gods and kings, see R. B. Chisholm, “An Exegetical and Theological Study of Psalm 18/2 Samuel 22” (Th.D. diss., Dallas Theological Seminary, 1983), 165-67.

tn Heb “coals burned from him.” Perhaps the psalmist pictures God’s fiery breath igniting coals (see Job 41:21), which he then hurls as weapons (see Ps 120:4).



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