Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Samuel 22:16

Context
NET ©

The depths 1  of the sea were exposed; the inner regions 2  of the world were uncovered by the Lord’s battle cry, 3  by the powerful breath from his nose. 4 

NIV ©

The valleys of the sea were exposed and the foundations of the earth laid bare at the rebuke of the LORD, at the blast of breath from his nostrils.

NASB ©

"Then the channels of the sea appeared, The foundations of the world were laid bare By the rebuke of the LORD, At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.

NLT ©

Then at the command of the LORD, at the blast of his breath, the bottom of the sea could be seen, and the foundations of the earth were laid bare.

MSG ©

The secret sources of ocean were exposed, the hidden depths of earth lay uncovered The moment GOD roared in protest, let loose his hurricane anger.

BBE ©

Then the deep beds of the sea were seen, and the bases of the world were uncovered, because of the Lord’s wrath, because of the breath of his mouth.

NRSV ©

Then the channels of the sea were seen, the foundations of the world were laid bare at the rebuke of the LORD, at the blast of the breath of his nostrils.

NKJV ©

Then the channels of the sea were seen, The foundations of the world were uncovered, At the rebuke of the LORD, At the blast of the breath of His nostrils.


KJV
And the channels
<0650>
of the sea
<03220>
appeared
<07200> (8735)_,
the foundations
<04146>
of the world
<08398>
were discovered
<01540> (8735)_,
at the rebuking
<01606>
of the LORD
<03068>_,
at the blast
<05397>
of the breath
<07307>
of his nostrils
<0639>_.
NASB ©
"Then the channels
<0650>
of the sea
<03220>
appeared
<07200>
, The foundations
<04144>
of the world
<08398>
were laid
<01540>
bare
<01540>
By the rebuke
<01606>
of the LORD
<03068>
, At the blast
<05397>
of the breath
<07307>
of His nostrils
<0639>
.
HEBREW
wpa
<0639>
xwr
<07307>
tmsnm
<05397>
hwhy
<03068>
tregb
<01606>
lbt
<08398>
twdom
<04146>
wlgy
<01540>
My
<03220>
yqpa
<0650>
waryw (22:16)
<07200>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
wfyhsan
<3708
V-API-3P
afeseiv
<859
N-NPF
yalasshv
<2281
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
apekalufyh
<601
V-API-3S
yemelia {N-APN} thv
<3588
T-GSF
oikoumenhv
<3611
V-PMPGS
en
<1722
PREP
th
<3588
T-DSF
epitimhsei {N-DSF} kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
apo
<575
PREP
pnohv
<4157
N-GSF
pneumatov
<4151
N-GSN
yumou
<2372
N-GSM
autou
<846
D-GSM
NET © [draft] ITL
The depths
<0650>
of the sea
<03220>
were exposed
<01540>
; the inner regions
<04146>
of the world
<08398>
were uncovered by
<01606>
the Lord’s
<03068>
battle cry, by
<01606>
the powerful breath
<05397>
from his nose
<0639>
.
NET ©

The depths 1  of the sea were exposed; the inner regions 2  of the world were uncovered by the Lord’s battle cry, 3  by the powerful breath from his nose. 4 

NET © Notes

tn Or “channels.”

tn Or “foundations.”

tn The noun is derived from the verb גָעַר (nagar) which is often understood to mean “rebuke.” In some cases it is apparent that scolding or threatening is in view (see Gen 37:10; Ruth 2:16; Zech 3:2). However, in militaristic contexts this translation is inadequate, for the verb refers in this setting to the warrior’s battle cry, which terrifies and paralyzes the enemy. See A. Caquot, TDOT 3:53, and note the use of the verb in Pss 68:30; 106:9; and Nah 1:4, as well as the related noun in Job 26:11; Pss 9:5; 76:6; 104:7; Isa 50:2; 51:20; 66:15.

tn Heb “blast of the breath” (literally, “breath of breath”) employs an appositional genitive. Synonyms are joined in a construct relationship to emphasize the single idea. For a detailed discussion of the grammatical point with numerous examples, see Y. Avishur, “Pairs of Synonymous Words in the Construct State (and in Appositional Hendiadys) in Biblical Hebrew,” Semitics 2 (1971): 17-81.



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