Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Samuel 21:19

Context
NET ©

Yet another battle occurred with the Philistines in Gob. On that occasion Elhanan the son of Jair 1  the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, 2  the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

NIV ©

In another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite, who had a spear with a shaft like a weaver’s rod.

NASB ©

There was war with the Philistines again at Gob, and Elhanan the son of Jaare-oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

NLT ©

In still another battle at Gob, Elhanan son of Jair from Bethlehem killed the brother of Goliath of Gath. The handle of his spear was as thick as a weaver’s beam!

MSG ©

At yet another battle with the Philistines at Gob, Elhanan son of Jaar, the weaver of Bethlehem, killed Goliath the Gittite whose spear was as big as a flagpole.

BBE ©

And again there was war with the Philistines at Gob, and Elhanan, the son of Jair the Beth-lehemite, put to death Goliath the Gittite, the stem of whose spear was like a cloth-worker’s rod.

NRSV ©

Then there was another battle with the Philistines at Gob; and Elhanan son of Jaare-oregim, the Bethlehemite, killed Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

NKJV ©

Again there was war at Gob with the Philistines, where Elhanan the son of Jaare–Oregim the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.


KJV
And there was again a battle
<04421>
in Gob
<01359>
with the Philistines
<06430>_,
where Elhanan
<0445>
the son
<01121>
of Jaareoregim
<03296>_,
a Bethlehemite
<01022>_,
slew
<05221> (8686)
[the brother of] Goliath
<01555>
the Gittite
<01663>_,
the staff
<06086>
of whose spear
<02595>
[was] like a weaver's
<0707> (8802)
beam
<04500>_.
{Jaareoregim: or, Jair}
NASB ©
There was war
<04421>
with the Philistines
<06430>
again
<05750>
at Gob
<01359>
, and Elhanan
<0445>
the son
<01121>
of Jaare-oregim
<03296>
the Bethlehemite
<01022>
killed
<05221>
Goliath
<01555>
the Gittite
<01663>
, the shaft
<06086>
of whose spear
<02595>
was like a weaver's
<0707>
beam
<04500>
.
HEBREW
o
Mygra
<0707>
rwnmk
<04500>
wtynx
<02595>
Uew
<06086>
ytgh
<01663>
tylg
<01555>
ta
<0853>
ymxlh
<01022>
tyb
<0>
Mygra
<03296>
yrey
<0>
Nb
<01121>
Nnxla
<0445>
Kyw
<05221>
Mytslp
<06430>
Me
<05973>
bwgb
<01359>
hmxlmh
<04421>
dwe
<05750>
yhtw (21:19)
<01961>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
egeneto
<1096
V-AMI-3S
o
<3588
T-NSM
polemov
<4171
N-NSM
en
<1722
PREP
gob {N-PRI} meta
<3326
PREP
twn
<3588
T-GPM
allofulwn
<246
A-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
epataxen
<3960
V-AAI-3S
eleanan {N-PRI} uiov
<5207
N-NSM
ariwrgim {N-PRI} o
<3588
T-NSM
baiyleemithv {N-NSM} ton
<3588
T-ASM
goliay {N-PRI} ton
<3588
T-ASM
geyyaion {N-ASM} kai
<2532
CONJ
to
<3588
T-NSN
xulon
<3586
N-NSN
tou
<3588
T-GSN
doratov {N-GSN} autou
<846
D-GSM
wv
<3739
CONJ
antion {N-NSN} ufainontwn {V-PAPGP}
NET © [draft] ITL
Yet another
<05750>
battle
<04421>
occurred
<01961>
with
<05973>
the Philistines
<06430>
in Gob
<01359>
. On that occasion Elhanan
<0445>
the son
<01121>
of Jair
<03296>
the Bethlehemite
<01022>
killed
<05221>
the brother of Goliath
<01555>
the Gittite
<01663>
, the shaft
<06086>
of whose spear
<02595>
was like a weaver’s
<0707>
beam
<04500>
.
NET ©

Yet another battle occurred with the Philistines in Gob. On that occasion Elhanan the son of Jair 1  the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath the Gittite, 2  the shaft of whose spear was like a weaver’s beam.

NET © Notes

tn Heb “Jaare-Oregim,” but the second word, which means “weavers,” is probably accidentally included. It appears at the end of the verse. The term is omitted in the parallel account in 1 Chr 20:5, which has simply “Jair.”

sn The Hebrew text as it stands reads, “Elhanan son of Jaare-Oregim the Bethlehemite killed Goliath the Gittite.” Who killed Goliath the Gittite? According to 1 Sam 17:4-58 it was David who killed Goliath, but according to the MT of 2 Sam 21:19 it was Elhanan who killed him. Many scholars believe that the two passages are hopelessly at variance with one another. Others have proposed various solutions to the difficulty, such as identifying David with Elhanan or positing the existence of two Goliaths. But in all likelihood the problem is the result of difficulties in the textual transmission of the Samuel passage; in fact, from a text-critical point of view the books of Samuel are the most poorly preserved of all the books of the Hebrew Bible. The parallel passage in 1 Chr 20:5 reads, “Elhanan son of Jair killed Lahmi the brother of Goliath.” Both versions are textually corrupt. The Chronicles text has misread “Bethlehemite” (בֵּית הַלַּחְמִי, bet hallakhmi) as the accusative sign followed by a proper name אֶת לַחְמִי (’et lakhmi). (See the note at 1 Chr 20:5.) The Samuel text misread the word for “brother” (אַח, ’akh) as the accusative sign (אֵת, ’et), thereby giving the impression that Elhanan, not David, killed Goliath. Thus in all probability the original text read, “Elhanan son of Jair the Bethlehemite killed the brother of Goliath.”



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