Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Samuel 1:18

Context
NET ©

(He gave instructions that the people of Judah should be taught “The Bow.” 1  Indeed, it is written down in the Book of Yashar.) 2 

NIV ©

and ordered that the men of Judah be taught this lament of the bow (it is written in the Book of Jashar):

NASB ©

and he told them to teach the sons of Judah the song of the bow; behold, it is written in the book of Jashar.

NLT ©

Later he commanded that it be taught to all the people of Judah. It is known as the Song of the Bow, and it is recorded in The Book of Jashar.

MSG ©

and gave orders that everyone in Judah learn it by heart. Yes, it's even inscribed in The Book of Jashar.

BBE ©

(It is recorded in the book of Jashar for teaching to the sons of Judah) and he said:

NRSV ©

(He ordered that The Song of the Bow be taught to the people of Judah; it is written in the Book of Jashar.) He said:

NKJV ©

and he told them to teach the children of Judah the Song of the Bow; indeed it is written in the Book of Jasher:


KJV
(Also he bade
<0559> (8799)
them teach
<03925> (8763)
the children
<01121>
of Judah
<03063>
[the use of] the bow
<07198>_:
behold, [it is] written
<03789> (8803)
in the book
<05612>
of Jasher
<03477>.)
{of Jasher: or, of the upright}
NASB ©
and he told
<0559>
them to teach
<03925>
the sons
<01121>
of Judah
<03063>
the song of the bow
<07198>
; behold
<02009>
, it is written
<03789>
in the book
<05612>
of Jashar
<03477>
.
HEBREW
rsyh
<03477>
rpo
<05612>
le
<05921>
hbwtk
<03789>
hnh
<02009>
tsq
<07198>
hdwhy
<03063>
ynb
<01121>
dmll
<03925>
rmayw (1:18)
<0559>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} tou
<3588
T-GSN
didaxai
<1321
V-AAN
touv
<3588
T-APM
uiouv
<5207
N-APM
iouda
<2448
N-PRI
idou
<2400
INJ
gegraptai
<1125
V-RMI-3S
epi
<1909
PREP
bibliou
<975
N-GSN
tou
<3588
T-GSM
euyouv {A-GSM}
NET © [draft] ITL
(He gave instructions
<0559>
that the people
<01121>
of Judah
<03063>
should be taught
<03925>
“The Bow
<07198>
.” Indeed
<02009>
, it is written down
<03789>
in
<05921>
the Book
<05612>
of Yashar
<03477>
.)
NET ©

(He gave instructions that the people of Judah should be taught “The Bow.” 1  Indeed, it is written down in the Book of Yashar.) 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “be taught the bow.” The reference to “the bow” is very difficult here. Some interpreters (e.g., S. R. Driver, P. K. McCarter, Jr.) suggest deleting the word from the text (cf. NAB, TEV), but there does not seem to be sufficient evidence for doing so. Others (cf. KJV) understand the reference to be elliptical, meaning “the use of the bow.” The verse would then imply that with the deaths of Saul and Jonathan having occurred, a period of trying warfare is about to begin, requiring adequate preparation for war on the part of the younger generation. Various other views may also be found in the secondary literature. However, it seems best to understand the word here to be a reference to the name of a song (i.e., “The Bow”), most likely the poem that follows in vv. 19-27 (cf. ASV, NASB, NRSV, CEV, NLT); NIV “this lament of the bow.” To make this clear the words “the song of” are supplied in the translation.

sn The Book of Yashar is a noncanonical writing no longer in existence. It is referred to here and in Josh 10:12-13 and 1 Kgs 8:12-13. It apparently was “a collection of ancient national poetry” (so BDB 449 s.v. יָשָׁר).



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