Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 Peter 1:4

Context
NET ©

Through these things 1  he has bestowed on us his precious and most magnificent promises, so that by means of what was promised 2  you may become partakers of the divine nature, 3  after escaping 4  the worldly corruption that is produced by evil desire. 5 

NIV ©

Through these he has given us his very great and precious promises, so that through them you may participate in the divine nature and escape the corruption in the world caused by evil desires.

NASB ©

For by these He has granted to us His precious and magnificent promises, so that by them you may become partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world by lust.

NLT ©

And by that same mighty power, he has given us all of his rich and wonderful promises. He has promised that you will escape the decadence all around you caused by evil desires and that you will share in his divine nature.

MSG ©

We were also given absolutely terrific promises to pass on to you--your tickets to participation in the life of God after you turned your back on a world corrupted by lust.

BBE ©

And through this he has given us the hope of great rewards highly to be valued; so that by them we might have our part in God’s being, and be made free from the destruction which is in the world through the desires of the flesh.

NRSV ©

Thus he has given us, through these things, his precious and very great promises, so that through them you may escape from the corruption that is in the world because of lust, and may become participants of the divine nature.

NKJV ©

by which have been given to us exceedingly great and precious promises, that through these you may be partakers of the divine nature, having escaped the corruption that is in the world through lust.


KJV
Whereby
<1223> <3739>
are given
<1433> (5769)
unto us
<2254>
exceeding great
<3176>
and
<2532>
precious
<5093>
promises
<1862>_:
that
<2443>
by
<1223>
these
<5130>
ye might be
<1096> (5638)
partakers
<2844>
of the divine
<2304>
nature
<5449>_,
having escaped
<668> (5631)
the corruption
<5356>
that is in
<1722>
the world
<2889>
through
<1722>
lust
<1939>_.
NASB ©
For by these
<3739>
He has granted
<1433>
to us His precious
<5093>
and magnificent
<3176>
promises
<1862>
, so
<2443>
that by them you may become
<1096>
partakers
<2844>
of the divine
<2304>
nature
<5449>
, having escaped
<668>
the corruption
<5356>
that is in the world
<2889>
by lust
<1939>
.
GREEK
di
<1223>
PREP
wn
<3739>
R-GPF
ta
<3588>
T-NPN
timia
<5093>
A-NPN
kai
<2532>
CONJ
megista
<3173>
A-NPN-S
hmin
<2254>
P-1DP
epaggelmata
<1862>
N-NPN
dedwrhtai
<1433> (5769)
V-RPI-3S
ina
<2443>
CONJ
dia
<1223>
PREP
toutwn
<5130>
D-GPN
genhsye
<1096> (5638)
V-2ADS-2P
yeiav
<2304>
A-GSF
koinwnoi
<2844>
A-NPM
fusewv
<5449>
N-GSF
apofugontev
<668> (5631)
V-2AAP-NPM
thv
<3588>
T-GSF
en
<1722>
PREP
tw
<3588>
T-DSM
kosmw
<2889>
N-DSM
en
<1722>
PREP
epiyumia
<1939>
N-DSF
fyorav
<5356>
N-GSF
NET © [draft] ITL
Through
<1223>
these things he has bestowed
<1433>
on us
<2254>
his precious
<5093>
and
<2532>
most magnificent
<3173>
promises
<1862>
, so that
<2443>
by means of
<1223>
what was promised
<5130>
you may become
<1096>
partakers
<2844>
of the divine
<2304>
nature
<5449>
, after escaping
<668>
the worldly
<2889>
corruption
<5356>
that is produced by
<1722>
evil desire
<1939>
.
NET ©

Through these things 1  he has bestowed on us his precious and most magnificent promises, so that by means of what was promised 2  you may become partakers of the divine nature, 3  after escaping 4  the worldly corruption that is produced by evil desire. 5 

NET © Notes

tn Verse 4 is in Greek a continuation of v. 3, “through which things.”

sn The phrase these things refers to God’s glory and excellence.

tn Grk “through them.” The implication is that through inheriting and acting on these promises the believers will increasingly become partakers of the divine nature.

sn Although the author has borrowed the expression partakers of the divine nature from paganism, his meaning is clearly Christian. He does not mean apotheosis (man becoming a god) in the pagan sense, but rather that believers have an organic connection with God. Because of such a connection, God can truly be called our Father. Conceptually, this bears the same meaning as Paul’s “in Christ” formula. The author’s statement, though startling at first, is hardly different from Paul’s prayer for the Ephesians that they “may be filled up to all the fullness of God” (3:19).

tn The aorist participle ἀποφυγόντες (apofugonte") is often taken as attendant circumstance to the preceding verb γένησθε (genhsqe). As such, the sense is “that you might become partakers…and might escape…” However, it does not follow the contours of the vast majority of attendant circumstance participles (in which the participle precedes the main verb, among other things). Further, attendant circumstance participles are frequently confused with result participles (which do follow the verb). Many who take this as attendant circumstance are probably viewing it semantically as result (“that you might become partakers…and [thereby] escape…”). But this is next to impossible since the participle is aorist: Result participles are categorically present tense.

tn Grk “the corruption in the world (in/because of) lust.”



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