Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

2 John 1:9

Context
NET ©

Everyone 1  who goes on ahead and does not remain 2  in the teaching of Christ 3  does not have God. 4  The one who remains in this teaching has both the Father and the Son.

NIV ©

Anyone who runs ahead and does not continue in the teaching of Christ does not have God; whoever continues in the teaching has both the Father and the Son.

NASB ©

Anyone who goes too far and does not abide in the teaching of Christ, does not have God; the one who abides in the teaching, he has both the Father and the Son.

NLT ©

For if you wander beyond the teaching of Christ, you will not have fellowship with God. But if you continue in the teaching of Christ, you will have fellowship with both the Father and the Son.

MSG ©

Anyone who gets so progressive in his thinking that he walks out on the teaching of Christ, walks out on God. But whoever stays with the teaching, stays faithful to both the Father and the Son.

BBE ©

Anyone who goes on and does not keep to the teaching of Christ, has not God: he who keeps to the teaching has the Father and the Son.

NRSV ©

Everyone who does not abide in the teaching of Christ, but goes beyond it, does not have God; whoever abides in the teaching has both the Father and the Son.

NKJV ©

Whoever transgresses and does not abide in the doctrine of Christ does not have God. He who abides in the doctrine of Christ has both the Father and the Son.


KJV
Whosoever
<3956>
transgresseth
<3845> (5723)_,
and
<2532>
abideth
<3306> (5723)
not
<3361>
in
<1722>
the doctrine
<1322>
of Christ
<5547>_,
hath
<2192> (5719)
not
<3756>
God
<2316>_.
He that abideth
<3306> (5723)
in
<1722>
the doctrine
<1322>
of Christ
<5547>_,
he
<3778>
hath
<2192> (5719)
both
<2532>
the Father
<3962>
and
<2532>
the Son
<5207>_.
NASB ©
Anyone
<3956>
who goes
<4254>
too
<4254>
far
<4254>
and does not abide
<3306>
in the teaching
<1322>
of Christ
<5547>
, does not have
<2192>
God
<2316>
; the one who abides
<3306>
in the teaching
<1322>
, he has
<2192>
both
<2532>
the Father
<3962>
and the Son
<5207>
.
GREEK
pav
<3956>
A-NSM
o
<3588>
T-NSM
proagwn
<4254> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
mh
<3361>
PRT-N
menwn
<3306> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
en
<1722>
PREP
th
<3588>
T-DSF
didach
<1322>
N-DSF
tou
<3588>
T-GSM
cristou
<5547>
N-GSM
yeon
<2316>
N-ASM
ouk
<3756>
PRT-N
ecei
<2192> (5719)
V-PAI-3S
o
<3588>
T-NSM
menwn
<3306> (5723)
V-PAP-NSM
en
<1722>
PREP
th
<3588>
T-DSF
didach
<1322>
N-DSF
outov
<3778>
D-NSM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
patera
<3962>
N-ASM
kai
<2532>
CONJ
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
uion
<5207>
N-ASM
ecei
<2192> (5719)
V-PAI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
Everyone
<3956>
who goes on ahead
<4254>
and
<2532>
does
<3306>
not
<3361>
remain
<3306>
in
<1722>
the teaching
<1322>
of Christ
<5547>
does
<2192>
not
<3756>
have
<2192>
God
<2316>
. The one who remains
<3306>
in
<1722>
this
<3778>
teaching
<1322>
has
<2192>
both
<2532>
the Father
<3962>
and
<2532>
the Son
<5207>
.
NET ©

Everyone 1  who goes on ahead and does not remain 2  in the teaching of Christ 3  does not have God. 4  The one who remains in this teaching has both the Father and the Son.

NET © Notes

tn The construction πᾶς ὁ (pas Jo) + participle occur frequently in 1 John (13 times) where it is used by the author to divide people into categories: “everyone who does this” as opposed to “everyone who does the opposite.”

tn Here μένω (menw) has been translated “remain” rather than “reside” since a change in status or position is present in the context: The opponents did not “remain” but “ran on ahead.” The verb μένω is used only here (twice in this verse) in the Johannine letters in connection with “teaching” but in the Gospel of John it is used three times with reference to the teaching of Jesus himself (7:16, 17; 18:19).

tn The genitive τοῦ Χριστοῦ (tou Cristou, “of Christ”) is difficult because it may be understood as objective (the teaching about Christ), subjective (Christ’s own teaching), or both (M. Zerwick’s “general” genitive [Biblical Greek §§36-39]; D. B. Wallace’s “plenary” genitive [ExSyn 119-21]). An objective genitive (with Christ as the object of the “apostolic” teaching) might seem to be the obvious reading in context, especially since verse 7 makes reference to what a person “confesses” about Jesus Christ. A good case can also be made for a subjective genitive, however, since other Johannine uses of the genitive following the noun διδαχή (didach, “teaching”) favor a subjective sense here. In John 7:16, 17 Jesus himself refers to “my teaching” and “teaching from me,” and 18:19 refers to “his (Jesus’) teaching.” Rev 2:14, 15 refers to the “teaching of Balaam” and “the teaching of the Nicolaitans,” both of which are clearly subjective in context. In the present context, to speak of “Christ's teaching” as a subjective genitive would make Christ himself (in the person of the indwelling Spirit) the teacher, and this is consistent with the author’s position in 1 John 2:27 that the community does not need other teachers. In 1 John 2:27 it is the Paraclete, referred to as “his anointing,” who does the teaching. Since the dispute with the opponents concerns the salvific significance of the earthly life and ministry of Jesus, the “teaching” here would refer to Jesus’ own teaching (reflected in the Gospel of John) concerning his person and work. Since this is ultimately one with the apostolic eyewitness testimony about Jesus, it is perhaps best to view the genitive here as both objective and subjective (perhaps the author deliberately intended not to be specific).

sn The idiom translated have God means to have a relationship to God as a genuine believer. The phrase has both the Father and the Son later in this verse should be understood the same way.



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