Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Samuel 17:1

Context
NET ©

1 The Philistines gathered their troops 2  for battle. They assembled at Socoh in Judah. They camped in Ephes Dammim, between Socoh and Azekah.

NIV ©

Now the Philistines gathered their forces for war and assembled at Socoh in Judah. They pitched camp at Ephes Dammim, between Socoh and Azekah.

NASB ©

Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; and they were gathered at Socoh which belongs to Judah, and they camped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.

NLT ©

The Philistines now mustered their army for battle and camped between Socoh in Judah and Azekah at Ephes–dammim.

MSG ©

The Philistines drew up their troops for battle. They deployed them at Socoh in Judah, and set up camp between Socoh and Azekah at Ephes Dammim.

BBE ©

Now the Philistines got their armies together for war, and came together at Socoh in the land of Judah, and took up their position between Socoh and Azekah in Ephes-dammim.

NRSV ©

Now the Philistines gathered their armies for battle; they were gathered at Socoh, which belongs to Judah, and encamped between Socoh and Azekah, in Ephes-dammim.

NKJV ©

Now the Philistines gathered their armies together to battle, and were gathered together at Sochoh, which belongs to Judah; they encamped between Sochoh and Azekah, in Ephes Dammim.


KJV
Now the Philistines
<06430>
gathered together
<0622> (8799)
their armies
<04264>
to battle
<04421>_,
and were gathered together
<0622> (8735)
at Shochoh
<07755>_,
which [belongeth] to Judah
<03063>_,
and pitched
<02583> (8799)
between Shochoh
<07755>
and Azekah
<05825>_,
in Ephesdammim
<0658>_.
{Ephesdammim: or, the coast of Dammim, called Pasdammim}
NASB ©
Now the Philistines
<06430>
gathered
<0622>
their armies
<04264>
for battle
<04421>
; and they were gathered
<0622>
at Socoh
<07755>
which
<0834>
belongs to Judah
<03063>
, and they camped
<02583>
between
<0996>
Socoh
<07755>
and Azekah
<05825>
, in Ephes-dammim
<0658>
.
HEBREW
Mymd
<0658>
opab
<0>
hqze
<05825>
Nybw
<0996>
hkwv
<07755>
Nyb
<0996>
wnxyw
<02583>
hdwhyl
<03063>
rsa
<0834>
hkv
<07755>
wpoayw
<0622>
hmxlml
<04421>
Mhynxm
<04264>
ta
<0853>
Mytslp
<06430>
wpoayw (17:1)
<0622>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
sunagousin
<4863
V-PAI-3P
allofuloi
<246
N-NPM
tav
<3588
T-APF
parembolav {N-APF} autwn
<846
D-GPM
eiv
<1519
PREP
polemon
<4171
N-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
sunagontai
<4863
V-PMI-3P
eiv
<1519
PREP
sokcwy {N-PRI} thv
<3588
T-GSF
ioudaiav
<2449
N-GSF
kai
<2532
CONJ
paremballousin {V-PAI-3P} ana
<303
PREP
meson
<3319
A-ASN
sokcwy {N-PRI} kai
<2532
CONJ
ana
<303
PREP
meson
<3319
A-ASN
azhka {N-PRI} en
<1722
PREP
efermem {N-PRI}
NET © [draft] ITL
The Philistines
<06430>
gathered
<0622>
their troops
<04264>
for battle
<04421>
. They assembled
<0622>
at Socoh
<07755>
in Judah
<03063>
. They camped
<02583>
in Ephes Dammim
<0658>
, between
<0996>
Socoh
<07755>
and Azekah
<05825>
.
NET ©

1 The Philistines gathered their troops 2  for battle. They assembled at Socoh in Judah. They camped in Ephes Dammim, between Socoh and Azekah.

NET © Notes

tc The content of 1 Sam 17–18, which includes the David and Goliath story, differs considerably in the LXX as compared to the MT, suggesting that this story circulated in ancient times in more than one form. The LXX for chs. 17–18 is much shorter than the MT, lacking almost half of the material (39 of a total of 88 verses). Many scholars (e.g., McCarter, Klein) think that the shorter text of the LXX is preferable to the MT, which in their view has been expanded by incorporation of later material. Other scholars (e.g., Wellhausen, Driver) conclude that the shorter Greek text (or the Hebrew text that underlies it) reflects an attempt to harmonize certain alleged inconsistencies that appear in the longer version of the story. Given the translation characteristics of the LXX elsewhere in this section, it does not seem likely that these differences are due to deliberate omission of these verses on the part of the translator. It seems more likely that the Greek translator has faithfully rendered here a Hebrew text that itself was much shorter than the MT in these chapters. Whether or not the shorter text represented by the LXX is to be preferred over the MT in 1 Sam 17–18 is a matter over which textual scholars are divided. For a helpful discussion of the major textual issues in this unit see D. Barthélemy, D. W. Gooding, J. Lust, and E. Tov, The Story of David and Goliath (OBO). Overall it seems preferable to stay with the MT, at least for the most part. However, the major textual differences between the LXX and the MT will be mentioned in the notes that accompany the translation so that the reader may be alert to the major problem passages.

tn Heb “camps.”



TIP #08: Use the Strong Number links to learn about the original Hebrew and Greek text. [ALL]
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