Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Kings 22:21

Context
NET ©

Then a spirit 1  stepped forward and stood before the Lord. He said, ‘I will deceive him.’ The Lord asked him, ‘How?’

NIV ©

Finally, a spirit came forward, stood before the LORD and said, ‘I will entice him.’

NASB ©

"Then a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD and said, ‘I will entice him.’

NLT ©

until finally a spirit approached the LORD and said, ‘I can do it!’

MSG ©

Then a bold angel stepped out, stood before GOD, and said, 'I'll seduce him.' 'And how will you do it?' said GOD.

BBE ©

Then a spirit came forward and took his place before the Lord and said, I will get him to do it by a trick.

NRSV ©

until a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD, saying, ‘I will entice him.’

NKJV ©

"Then a spirit came forward and stood before the LORD, and said, ‘I will persuade him.’


KJV
And there came forth
<03318> (8799)
a spirit
<07307>_,
and stood
<05975> (8799)
before
<06440>
the LORD
<03068>_,
and said
<0559> (8799)_,
I will persuade
<06601> (8762)
him.
NASB ©
"Then a spirit
<07307>
came
<03318>
forward
<03318>
and stood
<05975>
before
<06440>
the LORD
<03068>
and said
<0559>
, 'I will entice
<06601>
him.'
HEBREW
wntpa
<06601>
yna
<0589>
rmayw
<0559>
hwhy
<03068>
ynpl
<06440>
dmeyw
<05975>
xwrh
<07307>
auyw (22:21)
<03318>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
exhlyen
<1831
V-AAI-3S
pneuma
<4151
N-NSN
kai
<2532
CONJ
esth
<2476
V-AAI-3S
enwpion
<1799
PREP
kuriou
<2962
N-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} egw
<1473
P-NS
apathsw
<538
V-FAI-1S
auton
<846
D-ASM
kai
<2532
CONJ
eipen {V-AAI-3S} prov
<4314
PREP
auton
<846
D-ASM
kuriov
<2962
N-NSM
en
<1722
PREP
tini
<5100
I-DSN
NET © [draft] ITL
Then
<03318>
a spirit
<07307>
stepped
<03318>
forward and stood
<05975>
before
<06440>
the Lord
<03068>
. He said
<0559>
, ‘I
<0589>
will deceive
<06601>
him.’ The Lord asked him, ‘How?’
NET ©

Then a spirit 1  stepped forward and stood before the Lord. He said, ‘I will deceive him.’ The Lord asked him, ‘How?’

NET © Notes

tn Heb “the spirit.” The significance of the article prefixed to רוּחַ (ruakh) is uncertain, but it could contain a clue as to this spirit’s identity, especially when interpreted in light of v. 24. It is certainly possible, and probably even likely, that the article is used in a generic or dramatic sense and should be translated, “a spirit.” In the latter case it would show that this spirit was vivid and definite in the mind of Micaiah the storyteller. However, if one insists that the article indicates a well-known or universally known spirit, the following context provides a likely referent. Verse 24 tells how Zedekiah slapped Micaiah in the face and then asked sarcastically, “Which way did the spirit from the Lord (רוּחַ־יְהוָה, [ruakh-Yahweh], Heb “the spirit of the Lord”) go when he went from me to speak to you?” When the phrase “the spirit of the Lord” refers to the divine spirit (rather than the divine breath or mind, Isa 40:7, 13) elsewhere, the spirit energizes an individual or group for special tasks or moves one to prophesy. This raises the possibility that the deceiving spirit of vv. 20-23 is the same as the divine spirit mentioned by Zedekiah in v. 24. This would explain why the article is used on רוּחַ; he can be called “the spirit” because he is the well-known spirit who energizes the prophets.



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