Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 John 3:2

Context
NET ©

Dear friends, we are God’s children now, and what we will be 1  has not yet been revealed. We 2  know that 3  whenever 4  it 5  is revealed 6  we will be like him, because 7  we will see him just as he is. 8 

NIV ©

Dear friends, now we are children of God, and what we will be has not yet been made known. But we know that when he appears, we shall be like him, for we shall see him as he is.

NASB ©

Beloved, now we are children of God, and it has not appeared as yet what we will be. We know that when He appears, we will be like Him, because we will see Him just as He is.

NLT ©

Yes, dear friends, we are already God’s children, and we can’t even imagine what we will be like when Christ returns. But we do know that when he comes we will be like him, for we will see him as he really is.

MSG ©

But friends, that's exactly who we are: children of God. And that's only the beginning. Who knows how we'll end up! What we know is that when Christ is openly revealed, we'll see him--and in seeing him, become like him.

BBE ©

My loved ones, now we are children of God, and at present it is not clear what we are to be. We are certain that at his revelation we will be like him; for we will see him as he is.

NRSV ©

Beloved, we are God’s children now; what we will be has not yet been revealed. What we do know is this: when he is revealed, we will be like him, for we will see him as he is.

NKJV ©

Beloved, now we are children of God; and it has not yet been revealed what we shall be, but we know that when He is revealed, we shall be like Him, for we shall see Him as He is.


KJV
Beloved
<27>_,
now
<3568>
are we
<2070> (5748)
the sons
<5043>
of God
<2316>_,
and
<2532>
it doth
<5319> (0)
not yet
<3768>
appear
<5319> (5681)
what
<5101>
we shall be
<2071> (5704)_:
but
<1161>
we know
<1492> (5758)
that
<3754>_,
when
<1437>
he shall appear
<5319> (5686)_,
we shall be
<2071> (5704)
like
<3664>
him
<846>_;
for
<3754>
we shall see
<3700> (5695)
him
<846>
as
<2531>
he is
<2076> (5748)_.
NASB ©
Beloved
<27>
, now
<3568>
we are children
<5043>
of God
<2316>
, and it has not appeared
<5319>
as yet
<3768>
what
<5101>
we will be. We know
<3609>
that when
<1437>
He appears
<5319>
, we will be like
<3664>
Him, because
<3754>
we will see
<3708>
Him just
<2531>
as He is.
GREEK
agaphtoi
<27>
A-VPM
nun
<3568>
ADV
tekna
<5043>
N-NPN
yeou
<2316>
N-GSM
esmen
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-1P
kai
<2532>
CONJ
oupw
<3768>
ADV
efanerwyh
<5319> (5681)
V-API-3S
ti
<5101>
I-NSN
esomeya
<1510> (5704)
V-FXI-1P
oidamen
<1492> (5758)
V-RAI-1P
oti
<3754>
CONJ
ean
<1437>
COND
fanerwyh
<5319> (5686)
V-APS-3S
omoioi
<3664>
A-NPM
autw
<846>
P-DSM
esomeya
<1510> (5704)
V-FXI-1P
oti
<3754>
CONJ
oqomeya
<3700> (5695)
V-FDI-1P
auton
<846>
P-ASM
kaywv
<2531>
ADV
estin
<1510> (5748)
V-PXI-3S
NET © [draft] ITL
Dear friends
<27>
, we are
<1510>
God’s
<2316>
children
<5043>
now
<3568>
, and
<2532>
what
<5101>
we will be
<1510>
has
<5319>
not yet
<3768>
been revealed
<5319>
. We know
<1492>
that
<3754>
whenever
<1437>
it is revealed
<5319>
we will be
<1510>
like
<3664>
him
<846>
, because
<3754>
we will see
<3700>
him
<846>
just as
<2531>
he is
<1510>
.
NET ©

Dear friends, we are God’s children now, and what we will be 1  has not yet been revealed. We 2  know that 3  whenever 4  it 5  is revealed 6  we will be like him, because 7  we will see him just as he is. 8 

NET © Notes

tn The subject of the third person singular passive verb ἐφανερώθη (efanerwqh) in 3:2 is the following clause τί ἐσόμεθα (ti esomeqa): “Beloved, now we are children of God, and what we shall be has not yet been revealed.”

sn What we will be. The opponents have been revealed as antichrists now (2:19). What believers will be is to be revealed later. In light of the mention of the parousia in 2:28, it seems likely that an eschatological revelation of the true character of believers is in view here.

tc The Byzantine text, the Syriac Peshitta, the Bohairic Coptic, and one ms of the Sahidic Coptic supply δέ (de) after οἴδαμεν (oidamen) in 3:2b. Additions of coordinating conjunctions such as δέ are predictable variants; this coupled with the poor external credentials suggests that this addition is not likely to be original.

tn The relationship of 3:2b to 3:2a is difficult. It seems best to regard this as a case of asyndeton, although the Byzantine text, the Syriac Peshitta, the Bohairic Coptic, and some mss of the Sahidic Coptic supply δέ (de) after οἴδαμεν (oidamen) in 3:2b. This addition is not likely to be original, but it does reflect a tendency among scribes to see an adversative (contrastive) relationship between 3:2a and 3:2b. This seems to be an accurate understanding of the relationship between the clauses from a logical standpoint: “and what we shall be has not yet been revealed; but we know that whenever he should be revealed, we shall be like him.”

tn The first ὅτι (Joti) in 3:2 follows οἴδαμεν (oidamen), a verb of perception, and introduces an indirect discourse clause which specifies the content of what believers know: “that whenever it should be revealed, we shall be like him.”

tn In this context ἐάν (ean) does not indicate (1) uncertainty about whether or not what believers will be shall be revealed, but rather (2) uncertainty about the exact time the event will take place. In the Koine period ἐάν can mean “when” or “whenever” and is virtually the equivalent of ὅταν (Jotan; see BDAG 268 s.v. ἐάν 2). It has this meaning in John 12:32 and 14:3. Thus the phrase here should be translated, “we know that whenever it is revealed.”

tn Many take the understood subject (“he”) of φανερωθῇ (fanerwqh) as a reference to Jesus Christ, because the same verb was used in 2:28 in reference to the parousia (second advent). In the immediate context, however, a better analogy is ἐφανερώθη τί ἐσόμεθα (efanerwqh ti esomeqa) in 3:2a. There the clause τί ἐσόμεθα is the subject of the passive verb: “what we shall be has not yet been revealed.” From a grammatical standpoint it makes better sense to see the understood subject of φανερωθῇ as “it” rather than “he” and as referring back to the clause τί ἐσόμεθα in 3:2a. In the context this makes good sense: “Beloved, now we are children of God, and what we shall be has not yet been revealed. We know that whenever it shall be revealed, we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is.” This emphasizes the contrast in the verse between the present state (“not yet been revealed”) and the future state (“shall be revealed”) of believers, and this will of course take place at the parousia.

sn Is revealed. It may well be that the use of the same passive verb here (from φανερόω, fanerow) is intended to suggest to the reader the mention of the parousia (Christ’s second coming) in 2:28.

tn The second ὅτι (Joti) in 3:2 is best understood as causal, giving the reason why believers will be like God: “we shall be like him, because we shall see him just as he is.”

sn The phrase we will be like him, because we will see him just as he is has been explained two ways: (1) believers will really become more like God than they now are, and will do this through seeing God as he really is; or (2) believers will realize that they are already like God, but did not realize it until they see him as he is. One who sees a strong emphasis on realized eschatology in the Gospel of John and the Epistles might opt for the second view, since it downplays the difference between what believers already are in the present age and what they will become in the next. It seems better, though, in light of the statement in 3:2a that “what we will be has not yet been revealed” and because of the reference to Christ’s parousia in 2:28, that the author intends to distinguish between the present state of believers and what they will be like in the future. Thus the first view is better, that believers really will become more like God than they are now, as a result of seeing him as he really is.



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