Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Samuel 3:13

Context
NET ©

You 1  should tell him that I am about to judge his house forever because of 2  the sin that he knew about. For his sons were cursing God, 3  and he did not rebuke them.

NIV ©

For I told him that I would judge his family for ever because of the sin he knew about; his sons made themselves contemptible, and he failed to restrain them.

NASB ©

"For I have told him that I am about to judge his house forever for the iniquity which he knew, because his sons brought a curse on themselves and he did not rebuke them.

NLT ©

I have warned him continually that judgment is coming for his family, because his sons are blaspheming God and he hasn’t disciplined them.

MSG ©

I'm letting him know that the time's up. I'm bringing judgment on his family for good. He knew what was going on, that his sons were desecrating God's name and God's place, and he did nothing to stop them.

BBE ©

And you are to say to him that I will send punishment on his family for ever, for the sin which he had knowledge of; because his sons have been cursing God and he had no control over them.

NRSV ©

For I have told him that I am about to punish his house forever, for the iniquity that he knew, because his sons were blaspheming God, and he did not restrain them.

NKJV ©

"For I have told him that I will judge his house forever for the iniquity which he knows, because his sons made themselves vile, and he did not restrain them.


KJV
For I have told
<05046> (8689)
him that I will judge
<08199> (8802)
his house
<01004>
for
<05704>
ever
<05769>
for the iniquity
<05771>
which he knoweth
<03045> (8804)_;
because his sons
<01121>
made themselves vile
<07043> (8764)_,
and he restrained
<03543> (8765)
them not. {For I...: or, And I will tell him} {vile: or, accursed} {restrained...: Heb. frowned not upon them}
NASB ©
"For I have told
<05046>
him that I am about to judge
<08199>
his house
<01004>
forever
<05704>
<5769> for the iniquity
<05771>
which
<0834>
he knew
<03045>
, because
<03588>
his sons
<01121>
brought
<07043>
a curse
<07043>
on themselves
<01992>
and he did not rebuke
<03543>
them.
HEBREW
Mb
<0>
hhk
<03543>
alw
<03808>
wynb
<01121>
Mhl
<01992>
Myllqm
<07043>
yk
<03588>
edy
<03045>
rsa
<0834>
Nweb
<05771>
Mlwe
<05769>
de
<05704>
wtyb
<01004>
ta
<0853>
yna
<0589>
jps
<08199>
yk
<03588>
wl
<0>
ytdghw (3:13)
<05046>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
anhggelka
<312
V-RAI-1S
autw
<846
D-DSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
ekdikw
<1556
V-PAI-1S
egw
<1473
P-NS
ton
<3588
T-ASM
oikon
<3624
N-ASM
autou
<846
D-GSM
ewv
<2193
PREP
aiwnov
<165
N-GSM
en
<1722
PREP
adikiaiv
<93
N-DPF
uiwn
<5207
N-GPM
autou
<846
D-GSM
oti
<3754
CONJ
kakologountev
<2551
V-PAPNP
yeon
<2316
N-ASM
uioi
<5207
N-NPM
autou
<846
D-GSM
kai
<2532
CONJ
ouk
<3364
ADV
enouyetei
<3560
V-IAI-3S
autouv
<846
D-APM
kai
<2532
CONJ
oud
<3761
CONJ
outwv
<3778
ADV
NET © [draft] ITL
You should tell
<05046>
him that
<03588>
I am
<0589>
about to judge
<08199>
his house
<01004>
forever
<05769>
because of the sin
<05771>
that
<0834>
he knew
<03045>
about. For
<03588>
his sons
<01121>
were cursing
<01992>
God, and he did not
<03808>
rebuke
<03543>
them.
NET ©

You 1  should tell him that I am about to judge his house forever because of 2  the sin that he knew about. For his sons were cursing God, 3  and he did not rebuke them.

NET © Notes

tc The MT has וְהִגַּדְתִּי לוֹ (vÿhiggadti lo). The verb is Hiphil perfect 1st person common singular, and apparently the conjunction should be understood as vav consecutive (“I will say to him”). But the future reference makes more sense if Samuel is the subject. This would require dropping the final י (yod) and reading the 2nd person masculine singular וְהִגַּדְתָּ (vÿhiggadta). Although there is no external evidence to support it, this reading has been adopted in the present translation. The alternative is to understand the MT to mean “I said to him,” but for this we would expect the preterite with vav consecutive.

tn The translation understands the preposition to have a causal sense. However, the preposition could also be understood as the beth pretii, indicating in a broad sense the price attached to this action. So GKC 380 §119.p.

tc The translation follows the LXX θεόν (qeon, “God”) rather than the MT לָהֶם (lahem, “to them”). The MT seems to mean “they were bringing a curse on themselves” (cf. ASV, NASB). But this meaning is problematic in part because the verb qll means “to curse,” not “to bring a curse on,” and in part because it takes an accusative object rather than the equivalent of a dative. This is one of the so-called tiqqune sopherim, or “emendations of the scribes.” Why would the ancient copyists alter the original statement about Eli’s sons cursing God to the less objectionable statement that they brought a curse on themselves? Some argue that the scribes were concerned that such a direct and blasphemous affront against God could occur without an immediate response of judgment from God. Therefore they changed the text by deleting two letters א and י (alef and yod) from the word for “God,” with the result that the text then read “to them.” If this ancient scribal claim is accepted as accurate, it implies that the MT here is secondary. The present translation follows the LXX (κακολογοῦντες θεόν, kakologounte" qeon) and a few mss of the Old Latin in reading “God” rather than the MT “to them.” Cf. also NAB, NRSV, NLT.



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