Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Samuel 17:4

Context
NET ©

Then a champion 1  came out from the camp of the Philistines. His name was Goliath; he was from Gath. He was close to seven feet tall. 2 

NIV ©

A champion named Goliath, who was from Gath, came out of the Philistine camp. He was over nine feet tall.

NASB ©

Then a champion came out from the armies of the Philistines named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.

NLT ©

Then Goliath, a Philistine champion from Gath, came out of the Philistine ranks to face the forces of Israel. He was a giant of a man, measuring over nine feet tall!

MSG ©

A giant nearly ten feet tall stepped out from the Philistine line into the open, Goliath from Gath.

BBE ©

And a fighter came out from the tents of the Philistines, named Goliath of Gath; he was more than six cubits tall.

NRSV ©

And there came out from the camp of the Philistines a champion named Goliath, of Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.

NKJV ©

And a champion went out from the camp of the Philistines, named Goliath, from Gath, whose height was six cubits and a span.


KJV
And there went out
<03318> (8799)
a champion
<0376> <01143>
out of the camp
<04264>
of the Philistines
<06430>_,
named
<08034>
Goliath
<01555>_,
of Gath
<01661>_,
whose height
<01363>
[was] six
<08337>
cubits
<0520>
and a span
<02239>_.
NASB ©
Then a champion
<0376>
<996> came
<03318>
out from the armies
<04264>
of the Philistines
<06430>
named
<08034>
Goliath
<01555>
, from Gath
<01661>
, whose height
<01363>
was six
<08337>
cubits
<0520>
and a span
<02239>
.
HEBREW
trzw
<02239>
twma
<0520>
ss
<08337>
whbg
<01363>
tgm
<01661>
wms
<08034>
tylg
<01555>
Mytslp
<06430>
twnxmm
<04264>
Mynbh
<01143>
sya
<0376>
auyw (17:4)
<03318>
LXXM
kai
<2532
CONJ
exhlyen
<1831
V-AAI-3S
anhr
<435
N-NSM
dunatov
<1415
A-NSM
ek
<1537
PREP
thv
<3588
T-GSF
parataxewv {N-GSF} twn
<3588
T-GPM
allofulwn
<246
N-GPM
goliay {N-PRI} onoma
<3686
N-NSN
autw
<846
D-DSM
ek
<1537
PREP
gey {N-PRI} uqov
<5311
N-NSN
autou
<846
D-GSM
tessarwn
<5064
A-GPM
phcewn
<4083
A-GPM
kai
<2532
CONJ
spiyamhv {N-GSF}
NET © [draft] ITL
Then a champion
<01143>

<0376>
came out
<03318>
from the camp
<04264>
of the Philistines
<06430>
. His name
<08034>
was Goliath
<01555>
; he was from Gath
<01661>
. He was close to seven feet
<02239>

<0520>
tall
<01363>
.
NET ©

Then a champion 1  came out from the camp of the Philistines. His name was Goliath; he was from Gath. He was close to seven feet tall. 2 

NET © Notes

tn Heb “the man of the space between the two [armies].” See v. 23.

tc Heb “his height was six cubits and a span” (cf. KJV, NASB, NRSV). A cubit was approximately eighteen inches, a span nine inches. So, according to the Hebrew tradition, Goliath was about nine feet, nine inches tall (cf. NIV, CEV, NLT “over nine feet”; NCV “nine feet, four inches”; TEV “nearly 3 metres”). However, some Greek witnesses, Josephus, and a manuscript of 1 Samuel from Qumran read “four cubits and a span” here, that is, about six feet, nine inches (cf. NAB “six and a half feet”). This seems more reasonable; it is likely that Goliath’s height was exaggerated as the story was retold. See P. K. McCarter, I Samuel (AB), 286, 291.



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