Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Peter 3:20


after they were disobedient long ago 1  when God patiently waited 2  in the days of Noah as an ark was being constructed. In the ark 3  a few, that is eight souls, were delivered through water.


Ge 6:3,5,13; Ge 6:14-22; Ge 7:1-7,13,23; Ge 7:17-23; Ge 8:1,18; Isa 30:18; Mt 7:14; Mt 24:37-39; Lu 12:32; Lu 13:24,25; Lu 17:26-30; Ro 2:4,5; Ro 9:22; 2Co 2:15,16; Eph 5:26; Heb 11:7; 2Pe 2:5; 2Pe 3:15

NET © Notes

tn This reflects a Greek participle, literally “having been disobedient formerly,” that refers to the “spirits” in v. 19. Many translations take this as adjectival describing the spirits (“who had once been disobedient”; cf. NASB, NIV, NKJV, NLT, NRSV, TEV), but the grammatical construction strongly favors an adverbial interpretation describing the time of the preaching, as reflected above.

tn Grk “the patience of God waited.”

tn Grk “in which,” referring to the ark; the referent (the ark) has been specified in the translation for clarity. Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation.

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