1 Corinthians 6:9Context
Ge 19:5; Ex 23:1; Le 18:22; Le 19:15,35,36; Le 20:13; De 22:5; De 23:17; De 25:13-16; Jud 19:22; Pr 11:1; Pr 22:8; Isa 10:1,2; Isa 55:7; Zec 5:3; Mt 19:29; Mt 25:34; Ac 24:25; Ro 1:18; Ro 1:26,27; 1Co 3:16; 1Co 5:1,10; 1Co 6:2,3,15,16,19; 1Co 6:10; 1Co 9:24; 1Co 15:50; Ga 5:19-21; Ga 5:21; Eph 5:4,5; 1Ti 1:9; 1Ti 1:10; Heb 12:14,16; Heb 13:4; Re 21:8; Re 22:15
|NET © Notes||
1 tn This term is sometimes rendered “effeminate,” although in contemporary English usage such a translation could be taken to refer to demeanor rather than behavior. BDAG 613 s.v. μαλακός 2 has “pert. to being passive in a same-sex relationship, effeminate esp. of catamites, of men and boys who are sodomized by other males in such a relationship.” L&N 88.281 states, “the passive male partner in homosexual intercourse – ‘homosexual.’ …As in Greek, a number of other languages also have entirely distinct terms for the active and passive roles in homosexual intercourse.” See also the discussion in G. D. Fee, First Corinthians (NICNT), 243-44. A number of modern translations have adopted the phrase “male prostitutes” for μαλακοί in 1 Cor 6:9 (NIV, NRSV, NLT) but this could be misunderstood by the modern reader to mean “males who sell their services to women,” while the term in question appears, at least in context, to relate to homosexual activity between males. Furthermore, it is far from certain that prostitution as commonly understood (the selling of sexual favors) is specified here, as opposed to a consensual relationship. Thus the translation “passive homosexual partners” has been used here.
2 tn On this term BDAG 135 s.v. ἀρσενοκοίτης states, “a male who engages in sexual activity w. a pers. of his own sex, pederast 1 Cor 6:9…of one who assumes the dominant role in same-sex activity, opp. μαλακός…1 Ti 1:10; Pol 5:3. Cp. Ro 1:27.” L&N 88.280 states, “a male partner in homosexual intercourse – ‘homosexual.’…It is possible that ἀρσενοκοίτης in certain contexts refers to the active male partner in homosexual intercourse in contrast with μαλακός, the passive male partner.” Since there is a distinction in contemporary usage between sexual orientation and actual behavior, the qualification “practicing” was supplied in the translation, following the emphasis in BDAG.