Internet Verse Search Commentaries Word Analysis ITL - draft

1 Corinthians 10:9

Context
NET ©

And let us not put Christ 1  to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by snakes. 2 

NIV ©

We should not test the Lord, as some of them did—and were killed by snakes.

NASB ©

Nor let us try the Lord, as some of them did, and were destroyed by the serpents.

NLT ©

Nor should we put Christ to the test, as some of them did and then died from snakebites.

MSG ©

We must never try to get Christ to serve us instead of us serving him; they tried it, and God launched an epidemic of poisonous snakes.

BBE ©

And let us not put the Lord to the test, as some of them did, and came to their death by snakes.

NRSV ©

We must not put Christ to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by serpents.

NKJV ©

nor let us tempt Christ, as some of them also tempted, and were destroyed by serpents;


KJV
Neither
<3366>
let us tempt
<1598> (5725)
Christ
<5547>_,
as
<2531>
some
<5100>
of them
<846>
also
<2532>
tempted
<3985> (5656)_,
and
<2532>
were destroyed
<622> (5639)
of
<5259>
serpents
<3789>_.
NASB ©
Nor
<3366>
let us try
<1598>
the Lord
<2962>
, as some
<5100>
of them did
<3985>
, and were destroyed
<622>
by the serpents
<3789>
.
GREEK
mhde
<3366>
CONJ
ekpeirazwmen
<1598> (5725)
V-PAS-1P
ton
<3588>
T-ASM
kurion
<2962>
N-ASM
kaywv
<2531>
ADV
tinev
<5100>
X-NPM
autwn
<846>
P-GPM
epeirasan
<3985> (5656)
V-AAI-3P
kai
<2532>
CONJ
upo
<5259>
PREP
twn
<3588>
T-GPM
ofewn
<3789>
N-GPM
apwllunto
<622> (5710)
V-IMI-3P
NET © [draft] ITL
And
<3366>
let us not
<3366>
put
<1598>
Christ
<2962>
to the test
<1598>
, as
<2531>
some
<5100>
of them
<846>
did
<3985>
, and
<2532>
were destroyed
<622>
by
<5259>
snakes
<3789>
.
NET ©

And let us not put Christ 1  to the test, as some of them did, and were destroyed by snakes. 2 

NET © Notes

tc Χριστόν (Criston, “Christ”) is attested in the majority of mss, including many important witnesses of the Alexandrian (Ì46 1739 1881) and Western (D F G) texttypes, and other mss and versions (Ψ latt sy co). On the other hand, some of the important Alexandrian witnesses have κύριον (kurion, “Lord”; א B C P 33 104 1175 al). A few mss (A 81 pc) have θεόν (qeon, “God”). The nomina sacra for these readings are quite similar (cMn, kMn, and qMn respectively), so one might be able to account for the different readings by way of confusion. On closer examination, the variants appear to be intentional changes. Alexandrian scribes replaced the highly specific term “Christ” with the less specific terms “Lord” and “God” because in the context it seems to be anachronistic to speak of the exodus generation putting Christ to the test. If the original had been “Lord,” it seems unlikely that a scribe would have willingly created a difficulty by substituting the more specific “Christ.” Moreover, even if not motivated by a tendency to overcorrect, a scribe might be likely to assimilate the word “Christ” to “Lord” in conformity with Deut 6:16 or other passages. The evidence from the early church regarding the reading of this verse is rather compelling in favor of “Christ.” Marcion, a second-century, anti-Jewish heretic, would naturally have opposed any reference to Christ in historical involvement with Israel, because he thought of the Creator God of the OT as inherently evil. In spite of this strong prejudice, though, {Marcion} read a text with “Christ.” Other early church writers attest to the presence of the word “Christ,” including {Clement of Alexandria} and Origen. What is more, the synod of Antioch in a.d. 268 used the reading “Christ” as evidence of the preexistence of Christ when it condemned Paul of Samosata. (See G. Zuntz, The Text of the Epistles, 126-27; TCGNT 494; C. D. Osburn, “The Text of 1 Corinthians 10:9,” New Testament Textual Criticism: Its Significance for Exegesis, 201-11; contra A. Robertson and A. Plummer, First Corinthians [ICC], 205-6.) Since “Christ” is the more difficult reading on all accounts, it is almost certainly original. In addition, “Christ” is consistent with Paul’s style in this passage (cf. 10:4, a text in which {Marcion} also reads “Christ”). This text is also christologically significant, since the reading “Christ” makes an explicit claim to the preexistence of Christ. (The textual critic faces a similar dilemma in Jude 5. In a similar exodus context, some of the more important Alexandrian mss [A B 33 81 pc] and the Vulgate read “Jesus” in place of “Lord.” Two of those mss [A 81] are the same mss that have “Christ” instead of “God” in 1 Cor 10:9. See the tc notes on Jude 5 for more information.) In sum, “Christ” has all the earmarks of authenticity here and should be considered the original reading.

sn This incident is recorded in Num 21:5-9.



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