2 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;cessation8221; (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1513;1473;1462;1489;1462;1514;font>, <font face="Scholar">shevetfont>); NAB 8220;to shun strife8221;; NRSV 8220;refrain from strife.8221;
1 tn <i>Hebi> A man of great strife I was and my people and the Ammonites.8221;
3 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;you conceal them in a shelter from the strife of tongues.8221;
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;the men of your strife8221;; NASB 8220;those who contend with you.8221;
2 tc The <i>Kethibi> 8220;the strife of his bones is continual,8221; whereas the <i>Qerei> has 8220;the multitude of his bones are firm.8221; The former is the better reading in this passage. It indicates that the pain is caused by the ongoing strife.
2 tc The LXX has 8220;The outpouring of words is the beginning of strife.8221; This would make it a warning against thoughtless talk.
2 sn Greed 8220;stirs up8221; the strife. This individual8217;s attitude and actions stir up dissension because people do not long tolerate him.
2 sn 8220;Strife8221; is a metonymy of cause, it is the cause of the beating or flogging that follows; 8220;flogging8221; in the second colon is a metonymy of effect, the flogging is the effect of the strife. The two together give the whole picture.
3 tn The verb is the Hitpael imperfect of <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1490;1468;1464;1512;1464;1492;font> (<font face="Scholar">garahfont>), which means 8220;to stir up strife8221; but in this stem means 8220;to engage in strife8221; (cf. NIV 8220;resist them8221;). <i>Tgi>. Prov 28:4 adds an explanatory expansion, 8220;so as to induce them to repent.8221;
3 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;A man of strife and a man of contention with all the land.8221; The 8220;of8221; relationship (Hebrew and Greek genitive) can convey either subjective or objective relationships, i.e., he instigates strife and contention or he is the object of it. A study of usage elsewhere, e.g., Isa 41:11; Job 31:35; Prov 12:19; 25:24; 26:21; 27:15, is convincing that it is subjective. In his role as God8217;s covenant messenger charging people with wrong doing he has instigated counterarguments and stirred about strife and contention against him.
2 tn The word 8220;contention8221; is from the root <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1491;1468;1460;1497;1503;font> (<font face="Scholar">dinfont>); the noun means 8220;strife, contention, quarrel.8221; The normal plural form is represented by the <i>Qerei>, and the contracted form by the <i>Kethib.i>
3 tn The house is described as being full of 8220;sacrifices of strife8221; (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1494;1460;1489;1456;1495;1461;1497;1470;1512;1460;1497;1489;font>, <font face="Scholar">zivkhi-rivfont>). The use of 8220;sacrifices8221; suggests a connection with the temple (as in 7:14) in which the people may have made their sacrifices and had a large amount meat left over. It is also possible that the reference is simply to a sumptuous meal (Deut 12:15; Isa 34:6; Ezek 39:17). It would be rare for Israelites to eat meat apart from festivals, however. In the construction the genitive could be classified as a genitive of effect, the feast in general 8220;bringing about strife,8221; or it could simply be an attributive genitive, 8220;a feast characterized by strife.8221; Abundance often brings deterioration of moral and ethical standards as well as an increase in envy and strife.
2 sn The image involves a small leak in a container or cistern that starts to spurt out water. The problem will get worse if it is not stopped. Strife is like that.
5 sn The proverb is talking about changing a friend or a relative into an enemy by abuse or strife 8211; the bars go up, as it were. And the 8220;walls8221; that are erected are not easily torn down.
2 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;and they will fight, a man against his brother, and a man against his neighbor, city against city, kingdom against kingdom.8221; Civil strife will extend all the way from the domestic level to the provincial arena.
4 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;and there is conflict and strife he lifts up.8221; The present translation takes the verb <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1497;1460;1513;1474;1468;1464;1488;font> (<font face="Scholar">yisafont>8217;) in the sense of 8220;carry, bear,8221; and understands the subject to be indefinite (8220;one8221;).
1 tn The Hebrew term <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1512;1460;1497;1489;font> (<font face="Scholar">rivfont>) means 8220;strife, conflict, quarreling.8221; In later texts it has the meaning of 8220;legal controversy, dispute.8221; See B. Gemser, 8220;The <font face="Scholar">r238;bfont> 8211; or Controversy 8211; Pattern in Hebrew Mentality,8221; <i>Wisdom in Israel and in the Ancient Near Easti> [VTSup], 120-37.
3 tn This parenthetical clause, introduced with the <font face="Scholar">vavfont> (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1493;font>) disjunctive (translated 8220;now8221;), again provides critical information. It tells in part why the land cannot sustain these two bedouins, and it also hints of the danger of weakening the family by inner strife.
2 sn The name <i>Meribahi> means 8220;strife.8221; Two separate but similar incidents at the place called Meribah are recorded in the Pentateuch (Exod 17:1-7; Num 20:1-13). In both cases the Israelites complained about lack of water and the Lord miraculously provided for them.
2 sn The name <i>Meribahi> means 8220;strife.8221; Two separate but similar incidents at Meribah are recorded in the Pentateuch (Exod 17:1-7; Num 20:1-13, see also Pss 81:7; 106:32). In both cases the Israelites complained about lack of water and the Lord miraculously provided for them.