rings, nose rings,
So the king removed his signet ring 1 from his hand and gave it to Haman the son of Hammedatha, the Agagite, who was hostile toward the Jews.
The king then removed his signet ring (the very one he had taken back from Haman) and gave it to Mordecai. And Esther designated Mordecai to be in charge of Haman’s estate.
Then Pharaoh took his signet ring from his own hand and put it on Joseph’s. He clothed him with fine linen 1 clothes and put a gold chain around his neck.
The Lord says, 1 “As surely as I am the living God, you, Jeconiah, 2 king of Judah, son of Jehoiakim, will not be the earthly representative of my authority. Indeed, I will take that right away from you. 3
Now you write in the king’s name whatever in your opinion is appropriate concerning the Jews and seal it with the king’s signet ring. Any decree that is written in the king’s name and sealed with the king’s signet ring cannot be rescinded.
The stones were for the names of the sons of Israel, twelve, corresponding to the number of 1 their names. Each name corresponding to one of the twelve tribes was like the engravings of a seal.
They made a plate, the holy diadem, of pure gold and wrote on it an inscription, as on the engravings of a seal, “Holiness to the Lord.”
On that day,’ 1 says the Lord who rules over all, ‘I will take you, Zerubbabel son of Shealtiel, my servant,’ 2 says the Lord, ‘and I will make you like a signet ring, 3 for I have chosen you,’ says the Lord who rules over all.” 4
Mordecai 1 wrote in the name of King Ahasuerus and sealed it with the king’s signet ring. He then sent letters by couriers on horses, who rode royal horses that were very swift.
While they were bringing her out, she sent word 1 to her father-in-law: “I am pregnant by the man to whom these belong.” 2 Then she said, “Identify 3 the one to whom the seal, cord, and staff belong.”
He said, “What pledge should I give you?” She replied, “Your seal, your cord, and the staff that’s in your hand.” So he gave them to her and had sex with her. 1 She became pregnant by him.
They came, men and women alike, 1 all who had willing hearts. They brought brooches, earrings, rings and ornaments, all kinds of gold jewelry, 2 and everyone came who waved 3 a wave offering of gold to the Lord.
So the royal scribes 1 were summoned in the first month, on the thirteenth day of the month. Everything Haman commanded was written to the king’s satraps 2 and governors who were in every province and to the officials of every people, province by province according to its script and people by people according to its language. In the name of King Ahasuerus it was written and sealed with the king’s signet ring.