1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;the priests, the sons of Levi.8221;
2 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;house.8221; In other words, the tribe of Levi.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;Belonging to the rest of the sons of Levi.8221;
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;and Moses the man of God, his sons were called to the tribe of Levi.8221;
2 sn The name <i>Levii> (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1500;1461;1493;1460;1497;font>, <font face="Scholar">levifont>), the precise meaning of which is debated, was appropriate because it sounds like the verb <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1500;1464;1493;1464;1492;font> (<font face="Scholar">lavahfont>, 8220;to join8221;), used in the statement recorded earlier in the verse.
2 tn The participial phrase 8220;leaving everything behind8221; occurs at the beginning of the sentence, but has been transposed to the end in the translation for logical reasons, since it serves to summarize Levi8217;s actions.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;but they said.8221; The referent of 8220;they8221; (Simeon and Levi) have been specified in the translation for clarity.
2 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;godly man.8221; The reference is probably to Moses as representative of the whole tribe of Levi.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;and it belonged to the sons of Aaron, from the Kohathite clans, from the sons of Levi.8221;
1 sn <i>Thei> <sc>Lordsc> <i>set apart the tribe of Levii>. This was not the initial commissioning of the tribe of Levi to this ministry (cf. Num 3:11-13; 8:12-26), but with Aaron8217;s death it seemed appropriate to Moses to reiterate Levi8217;s responsibilities. There is no reference in the Book of Numbers to this having been done, but the account of Eleazar8217;s succession to the priesthood there (Num 20:25-28) would provide a setting for this to have occurred.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;for by the final words of David, they were the number of the sons of Levi, from a son of twenty years and upward.8221;
4 sn It is possible that <i>Levii> is a second name for Matthew, because people often used alternative names in 1st century Jewish culture.
1 sn The point of the phrase <i>still in his ancestor8217;s loinsi> is that Levi was as yet unborn, still in his ancestor Abraham8217;s body. Thus Levi participated in Abraham8217;s action when Abraham paid tithes to Melchizedek.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;came upon the slain.8221; Because of this statement the preceding phrase 8220;Jacob8217;s sons8221; is frequently taken to mean the other sons of Jacob besides Simeon and Levi, but the text does not clearly affirm this.
1 sn From the giving of the Law on the priesthood comes the prerogative of the tribe of Levi. There were, however, members of other tribes who served as priests from time to time (see Judg 17:5).
1 tn The particle <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1492;1460;1504;1468;1461;1492;font> (<font face="Scholar">hinnehfont>) here carries its deictic force, calling attention to the fact that is being declared. It is underscoring the fact that the <sc>Lordsc> himself chose Levi.
1 tn The word 8220;sons of8221; does at the outset refer to the sons of Levi. But as the listing continues the expression refers more to the family groups of the various descendants.
1 sn The verb forms a wordplay on the name Levi, and makes an allusion to the naming of the tribe Levi by Leah in the book of Genesis. There Leah hoped that with the birth of Levi her husband would be attached to her. Here, with the selection of the tribe to serve in the sanctuary, there is the wordplay again showing that the Levites will be attached to Aaron and the priests. The verb is <font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1497;1460;1500;1468;1464;1493;1493;1468;font> (<font face="Scholar">yillavufont>), which forms a nice wordplay with <font face="Scholar">Levifont> (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1500;1461;1493;1460;1497;font>). The tribe will now be attached to the sanctuary. The verb is the imperfect with a <font face="Scholar">vavfont> (<font face="Galaxie Unicode Hebrew">1493;font>) that shows volitive sequence after the imperative, here indicating a purpose clause.
1 tn <i>Hebi> 8220;who she bore him to Levi.8221; The verb has no expressed subject. Either one could be supplied, such as 8220;her mother,8221; or it could be treated as a passive.
4 sn For the concept of the <i>heavens openedi> in later literature, see 3 Macc 6:18; <i>2 Bar.i> 22:1; <i>T. Levii> 5:1; Matt 3:16; Acts 7:56; Rev 19:11.