3:18 take my advice 1 and buy gold from me refined by fire so you can become rich! Buy from me 2 white clothing so you can be clothed and your shameful nakedness 3 will not be exposed, and buy eye salve 4 to put on your eyes so you can see! 3:19 All those 5 I love, I rebuke and discipline. So be earnest and repent!
1 tn Grk “I counsel you to buy.”
2 tn Grk “rich, and.” Because of the length and complexity of the Greek sentence, a new sentence was started here in the translation, repeating the words “Buy from me” to make the connection clear for the English reader.
4 sn The city of Laodicea had a famous medical school and exported a powder (called a “Phrygian powder”) that was widely used as an eye salve. It was applied to the eyes in the form of a paste the consistency of dough (the Greek term for the salve here, κολλούριον, kollourion [Latin collyrium], is a diminutive form of the word for a long roll of bread).
5 tn The Greek pronoun ὅσος (Josos) means “as many as” and can be translated “All those” or “Everyone.”