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Colossians 2:9

Context
2:9 For in him all the fullness of deity lives 1  in bodily form,

John 8:58

Context
8:58 Jesus said to them, “I tell you the solemn truth, 2  before Abraham came into existence, 3  I am!” 4 

Revelation 1:7-8

Context

1:7 (Look! He is returning with the clouds, 5 

and every eye will see him,

even 6  those who pierced him, 7 

and all the tribes 8  on the earth will mourn because 9  of him.

This will certainly come to pass! 10  Amen.) 11 

1:8 “I am the Alpha and the Omega,” 12  says the Lord God – the one who is, and who was, and who is still to come – the All-Powerful! 13 

1 sn In him all the fullness of deity lives. The present tense in this verse (“lives”) is significant. Again, as was stated in the note on 1:19, this is not a temporary dwelling, but a permanent one. Paul’s point is polemical against the idea that the fullness of God dwells anywhere else, as the Gnostics believed, except in Christ alone. At the incarnation, the second person of the Trinity assumed humanity, and is forever the God-man.

2 tn Grk “Truly, truly, I say to you.”

3 tn Grk “before Abraham was.”

4 sn I am! is an explicit claim to deity. Although each occurrence of the phrase “I am” in the Fourth Gospel needs to be examined individually in context to see if an association with Exod 3:14 is present, it seems clear that this is the case here (as the response of the Jewish authorities in the following verse shows).

5 sn An allusion to Dan 7:13.

6 tn Here καί (kai) was translated as ascensive.

7 sn An allusion to Zech 12:10.

8 tn In this context, tribes (φυλαί, fulai) could also be translated as “nations” or “peoples” (L&N 11.56).

9 tn The conjunction ἐπί (epi) is most likely causal here. The people who crucified him are those of every tribe on the earth and they will mourn because he comes as judge.

10 tn Grk “Yes, Amen.” The expression “This will certainly come to pass” is an attempt to capture the force of the juxtaposition of the Greek ναί (nai) and the Hebrew ἀμήν (amhn). See L&N 69.1.

11 sn These lines are placed in parentheses because they form an aside to the main argument.

12 tc The shorter reading “Omega” (, w) has superior ms evidence ({א1 A C 1611}) to the longer reading which includes “the beginning and the end” (ἀρχὴ καὶ τέλος or ἡ ἀρχὴ καὶ τὸ τέλος, arch kai telo" or Jh arch kai to telo"), found in א*,2 1854 2050 2329 2351 ÏA lat bo. There is little reason why a scribe would have deleted the words, but their clarifying value and the fact that they harmonize with 21:6 indicate that they are a secondary addition to the text.

13 tn On this word BDAG 755 s.v. παντοκράτωρ states, “the Almighty, All-Powerful, Omnipotent (One) only of God…() κύριος ὁ θεὸς ὁ π. …Rv 1:8; 4:8; 11:17; 15:3; 16:7; 21:22.”



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