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Matthew 23:2-7

Context
23:2 “The 1  experts in the law 2  and the Pharisees 3  sit on Moses’ seat. 23:3 Therefore pay attention to what they tell you and do it. But do not do what they do, for they do not practice what they teach. 4  23:4 They 5  tie up heavy loads, hard to carry, and put them on men’s shoulders, but they themselves are not willing even to lift a finger to move them. 23:5 They 6  do all their deeds to be seen by people, for they make their phylacteries 7  wide and their tassels 8  long. 23:6 They 9  love the place of honor at banquets and the best seats in the synagogues 10  23:7 and elaborate greetings 11  in the marketplaces, and to have people call them ‘Rabbi.’

1 tn Grk “saying.” The participle λέγων (legwn) is redundant in contemporary English and has not been translated.

2 tn Or “The scribes.” See the note on the phrase “experts in the law” in 2:4.

3 sn See the note on Pharisees in 3:7.

4 tn Grk “for they say and do not do.”

5 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

6 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

7 sn Phylacteries were small leather cases containing OT scripture verses, worn on the arm and forehead by Jews, especially when praying. The custom was derived from such OT passages as Exod 13:9; 16; Deut 6:8; 11:18.

8 tn The term κράσπεδον (kraspedon) in some contexts could refer to the outer fringe of the garment (possibly in Mark 6:56). This edge could have been plain or decorated. L&N 6.180 states, “In Mt 23:5 κράσπεδον denotes the tassels worn at the four corners of the outer garment (see 6.194).”

sn Tassels refer to the tassels that a male Israelite was obligated to wear on the four corners of his outer garment according to the Mosaic law (Num 15:38; Deut 22:12).

9 tn Here δέ (de) has not been translated.

10 sn See the note on synagogues in 4:23.

11 sn There is later Jewish material in the Talmud that spells out such greetings in detail. See H. Windisch, TDNT 1:498.



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