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James 4:8

4:8 Draw near to God and he will draw near to you. Cleanse your hands, you sinners, and make your hearts pure, you double-minded. 1 

Psalms 24:3-4


24:3 Who is allowed to ascend 2  the mountain of the Lord? 3 

Who may go up to his holy dwelling place?

24:4 The one whose deeds are blameless

and whose motives are pure, 4 

who does not lie, 5 

or make promises with no intention of keeping them. 6 

Matthew 5:8


5:8 “Blessed are the pure in heart, for they will see God.

1 tn Or “two-minded” (the same description used in 1:8).

2 tn The imperfects in v. 3 are modal, expressing potential or permission.

3 sn In this context the Lord’s mountain probably refers to Zion/Jerusalem (see Isa 2:2-3).

4 tn Heb “the innocent of hands and the pure of heart.” The “hands” allude to one’s actions, the “heart” to one’s thought life and motives.

5 tn Heb “who does not lift up for emptiness my life.” The first person pronoun on נַפְשִׁי (nafshiy, “my life”) makes little sense here; many medieval Hebrew mss support the ancient versions in reading a third person pronoun “his.” The idiom “lift the life” here means to “long for” or “desire strongly.” In this context (note the reference to an oath in the following line) “emptiness” probably refers to speech (see Ps 12:2).

6 tn Heb “and does not swear an oath deceitfully.”

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