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Isaiah 11:1

Context
An Ideal King Establishes a Kingdom of Peace

11:1 A shoot will grow out of Jesse’s 1  root stock,

a bud will sprout 2  from his roots.

Isaiah 53:2

Context

53:2 He sprouted up like a twig before God, 3 

like a root out of parched soil; 4 

he had no stately form or majesty that might catch our attention, 5 

no special appearance that we should want to follow him. 6 

Jeremiah 33:15

Context
33:15 In those days and at that time I will raise up for them a righteous descendant 7  of David.

“‘He will do what is just and right in the land.

1 sn The text mentions David’s father Jesse, instead of the great king himself. Perhaps this is done for rhetorical reasons to suggest that a new David, not just another disappointing Davidic descendant, will arise. Other prophets call the coming ideal Davidic king “David” or picture him as the second coming of David, as it were. See Jer 30:9; Ezek 34:23-24; 37:24-25; Hos 3:5; and Mic 5:2 (as well as the note there).

2 tc The Hebrew text has יִפְרֶה (yifreh, “will bear fruit,” from פָּרָה, parah), but the ancient versions, as well as the parallelism suggest that יִפְרַח (yifrakh, “will sprout”, from פָּרַח, parakh) is the better reading here. See J. N. Oswalt, Isaiah (NICOT), 1:276, n. 2.

3 tn Heb “before him.” Some suggest an emendation to “before us.” If the third singular suffix of the Hebrew text is retained, it probably refers to the Lord (see v. 1b). For a defense of this reading, see R. Whybray, Isaiah 40-66 (NCBC), 173-74.

4 sn The metaphor in this verse suggests insignificance.

5 tn Heb “that we might see him.” The vav conjunctive prefixed to the imperfect introduces a result clause here. See GKC 504-5 §166.a.

6 tn Heb “that we should desire him.” The vav conjunctive prefixed to the imperfect introduces a result clause here. See GKC 504-5 §166.a.

7 tn Heb “sprig” or “shoot.”

sn For the meaning of this term and its significance in biblical prophecy see the study note on 23:5.



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