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Zephaniah 1:10-11


1:10 On that day,” says the Lord,

“a loud cry will go up 1  from the Fish Gate, 2 

wailing from the city’s newer district, 3 

and a loud crash 4  from the hills.

1:11 Wail, you who live in the market district, 5 

for all the merchants 6  will disappear 7 

and those who count money 8  will be removed. 9 

1 tn The words “will go up” are supplied in the translation for clarification.

2 sn The Fish Gate was located on Jerusalem’s north side (cf. 2 Chr 33:14; Neh 3:3; 12:39).

3 tn Heb “from the second area.” This may refer to an area northwest of the temple where the rich lived (see Adele Berlin, Zephaniah [AB 25A], 86; cf. NASB, NRSV “the Second Quarter”; NIV “the New Quarter”).

4 tn Heb “great breaking.”

5 tn Heb “in the Mortar.” The Hebrew term מַכְתֵּשׁ (makhtesh, “mortar”) is apparently here the name of a low-lying area where economic activity took place.

6 tn Or perhaps “Canaanites.” Cf. BDB 489 s.v. I and II כְּנַעֲנִי. Translators have rendered the term either as “the merchant people” (KJV, NKJV), “the traders” (NRSV), “merchants” (NEB, NIV), or, alternatively, “the people of Canaan” (NASB).

7 tn Or “be destroyed.”

8 tn Heb “weigh out silver.”

9 tn Heb “be cut off.” In the Hebrew text of v. 11b the perfect verbal forms emphasize the certainty of the judgment, speaking of it as if it were already accomplished.

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