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Romans 5:17-19

5:17 For if, by the transgression of the one man, 1  death reigned through the one, how much more will those who receive the abundance of grace and of the gift of righteousness reign in life through the one, Jesus Christ!

5:18 Consequently, 2  just as condemnation 3  for all people 4  came 5  through one transgression, 6  so too through the one righteous act 7  came righteousness leading to life 8  for all people. 5:19 For just as through the disobedience of the one man 9  many 10  were made sinners, so also through the obedience of one man 11  many 12  will be made righteous.

1 sn Here the one man refers to Adam (cf. 5:14).

2 tn There is a double connective here that cannot be easily preserved in English: “consequently therefore,” emphasizing the conclusion of what he has been arguing.

3 tn Grk “[it is] unto condemnation for all people.”

4 tn Here ἀνθρώπους (anqrwpou") has been translated as a generic (“people”) since both men and women are clearly intended in this context.

5 tn There are no verbs in the Greek text of v. 18, forcing translators to supply phrases like “came through one transgression,” “resulted from one transgression,” etc.

6 sn One transgression refers to the sin of Adam in Gen 3:1-24.

7 sn The one righteous act refers to Jesus’ death on the cross.

8 tn Grk “righteousness of life.”

9 sn Here the one man refers to Adam (cf. 5:14).

10 tn Grk “the many.”

11 sn One man refers here to Jesus Christ.

12 tn Grk “the many.”

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