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Romans 4:11-13

Context
4:11 And he received the sign of circumcision as a seal of the righteousness that he had by faith while he was still uncircumcised, 1  so that he would become 2  the father of all those who believe but have never been circumcised, 3  that they too could have righteousness credited to them. 4:12 And he is also the father of the circumcised, 4  who are not only circumcised, but who also walk in the footsteps of the faith that our father Abraham possessed when he was still uncircumcised. 5 

4:13 For the promise 6  to Abraham or to his descendants that he would inherit the world was not fulfilled through the law, but through the righteousness that comes by faith.

1 tn Grk “of the faith, the one [existing] in uncircumcision.”

2 tn Grk “that he might be,” giving the purpose of v. 11a.

3 tn Grk “through uncircumcision.”

4 tn Grk “the father of circumcision.”

5 tn Grk “the ‘in-uncircumcision faith’ of our father Abraham.”

6 sn Although a singular noun, the promise is collective and does not refer only to Gen 12:7, but as D. Moo (Romans 1-8 [WEC], 279) points out, refers to multiple aspects of the promise to Abraham: multiplied descendants (Gen 12:2), possession of the land (Gen 13:15-17), and his becoming the vehicle of blessing to all people (Gen 12:13).



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