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Revelation 6:5-6

Context

6:5 Then 1  when the Lamb opened the third seal I heard the third living creature saying, “Come!” So 2  I looked, 3  and here came 4  a black horse! The 5  one who rode it 6  had a balance scale 7  in his hand. 6:6 Then 8  I heard something like a voice from among the four living creatures saying, “A quart 9  of wheat will cost a day’s pay 10  and three quarts of barley will cost a day’s pay. But 11  do not damage the olive oil and the wine!”

1 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

2 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “so” to indicate the implied result of the summons by the third creature.

3 tc The reading “and I looked” (καὶ εἶδον, kai eidon) or some slight variation (e.g., ἶδον, idon) has excellent ms support ({א A C P 1611}) and its omission seems to have come through the mss that have already placed “and look” (καὶ ἴδε or καὶ βλέπε [kai ide or kai blepe]) after the verb “come” (ἔρχου, ercou) in 6:1. Thus, for these copyists it was redundant to add “and I looked” again.

4 tn The phrase “and here came” expresses the sense of καὶ ἰδού (kai idou).

5 tn Here καί (kai) has not been translated because of differences between Greek and English style.

6 tn Grk “the one sitting on it.”

7 sn A balance scale would have been a rod held by a rope in the middle with pans attached to both ends for measuring.

8 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “then” to indicate the implied sequence of events within the vision.

9 tn BDAG 1086 s.v. χοῖνιξ states, “a dry measure, oft. used for grain, approximately equivalent to one quart or one liter, quart. A χ.of grain was a daily ration for one pers.…Rv 6:6ab.”

10 tn Grk “a quart of wheat for a denarius.” A denarius was one day’s pay for an average worker. The words “will cost” are used to indicate the genitive of price or value; otherwise the English reader could understand the phrase to mean “a quart of wheat to be given as a day’s pay.”

11 tn Here καί (kai) has been translated as “but” to indicate the contrast present in this context.



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