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Revelation 21:19-20

Context
21:19 The foundations of the city’s wall are decorated 1  with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation is jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, 2  the fourth emerald, 21:20 the fifth onyx, 3  the sixth carnelian, 4  the seventh chrysolite, 5  the eighth beryl, 6  the ninth topaz, the tenth chrysoprase, 7  the eleventh jacinth, 8  and the twelfth amethyst.

1 tn The perfect participle here has been translated as an intensive (resultative) perfect.

2 sn Agate (also called chalcedony) is a semiprecious stone usually milky or gray in color (L&N 2.32).

3 sn Onyx (also called sardonyx) is a semiprecious stone that comes in various colors (L&N 2.35).

4 sn Carnelian is a semiprecious gemstone, usually red in color (L&N 2.36).

5 sn Chrysolite refers to either quartz or topaz, golden yellow in color (L&N 2.37).

6 sn Beryl is a semiprecious stone, usually blue-green or green in color (L&N 2.38).

7 sn Chrysoprase is a greenish type of quartz (L&N 2.40).

8 sn Jacinth is a semiprecious stone, probably blue in color (also called “hyacinth,” but that translation is not used here because of possible confusion with the flower of the same name). See L&N 2.41.



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