“Woe, woe, O great city –
dressed in fine linen, purple and scarlet clothing, 1
and adorned with gold, 2 precious stones, and pearls –
21:19 The foundations of the city’s wall are decorated 3 with every kind of precious stone. The first foundation is jasper, the second sapphire, the third agate, 4 the fourth emerald,
1 tn The word “clothing” is supplied to clarify that the words “purple” and “scarlet” refer to cloth or garments rather than colors.
2 tn Grk “gilded with gold” (an instance of semantic reinforcement, see L&N 49.29).
3 tn The perfect participle here has been translated as an intensive (resultative) perfect.
4 sn Agate (also called chalcedony) is a semiprecious stone usually milky or gray in color (L&N 2.32).